Thomas Burnet, an English author, born at Croft, Yorkshire, about 1635, died at the Charterhouse, London, in September, 1715. As master of the Charterhouse school, he was the first Englishman to oppose the dispensing power claimed by James II. By the constitution of the Charterhouse the pensioners must take certain oaths of allegiance and supremacy. James sent down a candidate, Andrew Popham, for election to the charity, accompanying his mandate with a dispensation from the usual oaths, Popham being a Roman Catholic. Burnet at once denied the king's dispensing power, and refused to receive Popham. In this he was supported by his patron the duke of Ormond, and the candidate was rejected. After the revolution Burnet was made clerk of the closet to William III., on the recommendation of Archbishop Tillotson. He lost the court favor and his hopes of preferment by the publication, in 1692, of Archceologice Philosophical Libri duo, in which he treated the Mosaic account of the fall as allegorical. His principal works were written in Latin, of which the Telluris Theoria Sacra (translated into English, " Sacred Theory of the Earth," 2 vols. 8vo, 1759) attained a high reputation.