Thomas Chalkley, a preacher of the society of Friends or Quakers, born in London, March 3, 1675, died in the island of Tortola, West Indies, Sept. 4, 1741. At the age of 20 he was pressed on board a man-of-war, but after a day's detention was discharged on account of his scruples about bearing arms. He engaged in trade for a while, and having made a little money became an itinerant preacher. He went to America in 1098, landing in Maryland and travelling for a year in Virginia and New England, after which he returned home and married. He then decided to remove permanently to America, made his home in Philadelphia, and spent the rest of his life mainly in travelling and preaching in the English colonies. In 1707 he visited Europe, and after travelling through the British islands made an excursion to Holland and Germany. He went several times to the West Indies, and was engaged in the work of his itinerant ministry at Tortola when he died of fever after a few days' illness. He left an interesting journal of his "Life, Labors, Travels," etc, which was published with a collection of his writings at Philadelphia in 1747, and was reprinted in one volume in New York in 1808. By a bequest in his will he founded the library of the four monthly meetings of Friends at Philadelphia.