Thomas Holcroft, an English dramatist, born in London, Dec. 10, 1745, died March 23, 1809. His father was a shoemaker who owned several horses, and added to his income by letting them. His mother dealt in greens and oysters. He passed his early life in London and in Berkshire, following the occupations of his father. He was afterward in the service of a trainer of race horses at Newmarket, then a schoolmaster, and then an actor, but soon abandoned the stage, as he met with little success. The most popular of his dramatic compositions is "The Road to Ruin" (1792). At the time of the French revolution he incurred the suspicions of government as a member of the society for constitutional information, and with Home Tooke, Hardy, Thel-wall, and others, was in 1794 indicted for high treason. Some of the accusers were acquitted, and Holcroft was discharged with others, without being brought to trial. He wrote about 30 plays and four novels, published translations of Lavater's "Physiognomy" and the works of Frederick the Great, and "Travels in France and Germany" (2 vols. 4to, 1806). His "Memoirs," written by himself and edited by Haz-litt, were published in 1816, in 3 vols. 12mo.