Thomas Hughes, an English author, born near Newbury, Berkshire, Oct. 20, 1823. He was educated at Rugby, and graduated at Oriel college, Oxford, in 1845. He studied law, was called to the bar in 1848, and became queen's counsel in 1869. From 1865 to 1868 he was a liberal member of parliament for the borough of Lambeth, and from 1868 to January, 1874, for the borough of Frome, which was not contested by the liberals in the election of February, 1874, and consequently a conservative took his place. While in parliament he supported the bills for the disestablishment of the Irish church, and for secularizing the universities, abolishing tests, and admitting dissenters to fellowship in Oxford and Cambridge. He took an active interest in educational and social questions and in all measures for the improvement of the laboring classes. In 1869 and 1870 he visited the United States, lecturing in the principal cities, and was well received. He is the author of "Tom Brown's School Days," a graphic description of life at Rugby school under Dr. Arnold (1856); a sequel to it entitled "Tom Brown at Oxford" (1861); " The Scouring of the White Horse " (1858); " Religio Laici," a semi-theological essay (1862); "Alfred the Great" (1869); and "Memoirs of a Brother " (1873). He has also written critical prefaces to English editions of a work on " Trades Unions " by the count de Paris, Lowell's " Biglow Papers," and the poems of Walt Whitman.