Thomas Lodge, an English author, born in Lincolnshire about 1556, died in London in September, 1625. He was educated at Oxford, and became an actor and dramatist. In 1584 he was entered as a law student at Lincoln's Inn; he next accompanied as a soldier the expeditions of Clarke and Cavendish, and then applied himself to the study of medicine at Avignon. Having obtained his degree of M. D., he began to practise as a physician in London, and achieved great success owing to his intimate relations with the Roman Catholic party. He published a treatise on the plague, of which he is said to have died. The most important of his works are: "Rosalynde: Eu-phues Golden Legacie " (1590), a novel, chiefly interesting as the basis of Shakespeare's "As You Like It," and reprinted in Collier's " Shakespeare's Library" (1840); "The Wounds of Civil War lively set forth in the True Tragedies of Marius and Scilla," a drama (1594; reprinted in Dodsley's " Old Plays "); and " A Margarite of America" (1596), a tale, said to have been written during his voyage with Cavendish. He also wrote a " Defence of Stage Plays " (1580), and Translations of Josephus and Seneca (1602-'14). A collection of his pastoral and lyric poetry was published in 1819.