Thomas Murker, a German satirist, born in Strasburg, Dec. 24, 1475, died probably in Heidelberg about 1536. He studied at the principal universities of Europe, lost a place in the conventual Latin school of Strasburg by his invective against Wimpfeling, and led afterward an unsteady life, preaching for some time at Frankfort and other places, but generally incurring the displeasure of his congregation by his coarse personalities. He was successively expelled from Freiburg, Treves, and Venice. He resumed his functions in the conventual school of Strasburg in 1510, and became one of the most virulent opponents of the reformation. In 1523 he went to England, invited by Henry VIII, but troubles in his convent compelled him to return. Some of his writings against the reformation had already been burned by order of the Strasburg magistracy; and to elude the vigilance of the authorities he established a press of his own, which was destroyed by a mob, together with his house, and he was compelled to flee to Switzerland, whence he was afterward expelled.

In 1506 he had been crowned as poet laureate by the emperor Maximilian, and he had justified the distinction by his Narrenbeschwö-rvng and Der Schelmen Zunft (1512). He wrote Chartiludium logice, etc. (Cracow, 1507), and other Latin works; prepared a German version of Virgil and other translations; and was also regarded as the editor of Eulenspiegel. But he is chiefly remembered by his writings against Luther and the reformation. His most celebrated satirical work is entitled Von dem grossen lutherischen Narren (Strasburg, 1522).