Thomas Osmond Summers, an American clergyman, born near Corfe Castle, Dorsetshire, England, Oct. 11, 1812. He emigrated to the United States in 1830, and became a preacher of the Methodist Episcopal church, at first in Virginia. In 1840 he went to Texas as one of nine ministers to constitute the first conference there. In 1844 he joined the Alabama conference, and as secretary of the convention at Louisville, Ky., assisted in organizing the Methodist Episcopal church, South. By appointment, he assisted in editing the " Southern Christian Advocate " and in compiling a new hymn book. In 1850 the general conference elected him editor of their books and tracts, and of the " Sunday School Visitor," and in 1858 also of the " Quarterly Review." In 1866 he was elected editor of the " Nashville Christian Advocate," and in 1874 professor of systematic theology in the new Vanderbilt university, Nashville, Tenn. His writings include " Commentaries on the Gospels and on the Acts of the Apostles;" "Commentary on the Ritual of the M. E. Church, South;" "A Treatise on Baptism;" "A Treatise on Holiness;" "Sunday School Teacher, or the Catechetical Office;" "Seasons, Months, and Days;" "Talks Pleasant and Profitable;" "The Golden Censer;" "Scripture Catechism" (2 vols., Old and New Testament); " Refutation of Thomas Paine's Theological Writings;" and an enlargement and revision of Watson's " Biblical and Theological Dictionary".