Tintoretto, II, an Italian painter, whose real name was Giacomo Robusti, born in Venice in 1512, died there in 1594. He was the son of a dyer, whence he received his popular name. He studied for a short time under Titian, and subsequently began a rigorous course of self-instruction, inscribing over his studio : II disegno di Michel Angelo e'l colorito di Tiziano (" The drawing of Michel Angelo and the coloring of Titian "). He did not however content himself with following them, but aspired to become the founder of a school, which should supply whatever was deficient in their styles. He soon rose into great reputation among the Venetians, and in his best period his quickness of invention and the facility and rapidity of his execution were unequalled perhaps by any painter; but his impetuosity made his performances remarkably unequal. His portraits are his most uniformly excellent works, and his landscapes are distinguished for imaginative suggestiveness. But his reputation rests mainly upon his great historical pictures in Venice. His masterpieces are the two immense compositions representing St. Mark rescuing a tortured slave from the hands of the heathen, and the "Crucifixion," both painted in his best period.
The doge's palace is rich in his works, and contains, among other remarkable pieces, a representation of paradise 84 1/3 ft. .long and 34 ft. high, painted, like almost everything ho produced, in oil. In the latter part of his life he degenerated into a coarse style, of which his "Last Judgment" and " Worshipping of the Golden Calf," in the church of Sta. Maria dell' Orto, are examples. In the maturity of his powers he wrought so fast and at so low a price, that few of the contemporary painters of Venice could get employment. Many of his works were bestowed gratuitously upon convents, and for others he got barely enough to pay for the materials.