Tippoo Sultan, Or Tippoo Sahib, the last independent sovereign of Mysore, born in 1749, killed at Seringapatam, May 4, 1799. He was the son of Hyder Ali, and was first known by the appellation of Feth Ali Khan. He distinguished himself in the war against the English, and succeeded his father, Dec. 7, 1782. He at once gave a new impulse to the war, took Bed-nore and other cities, and concluded a peace, March 11, 1784, on advantageous terms. He then assumed the titles of sultan and padishah, and subdued the Nairs of Malabar, carrying off from that province, it is said, 70,000 Christians, and forcing 100,000 Hindoos to become Mohammedans. Under a flimsy pretext, in December, 1789, he broke the treaty with the English by invading the territory of their ally, the rajah of Travancore. The English in turn invaded Mysore, took several of his strongholds, were joined by the Mahrattas and the subahdar of the Deccan, and, under Corn-wallis and Abercromby, besieged him in Seringapatam, his capital. In March, 1792, Tippoo was forced to conclude peace, agreeing to pay within a year 33,000,000 rupees, to give up to the allies nearly half of his dominions, and to deliver two of his sons as hostages.
The earl of Mornington (afterward Marquis Wellesley), then governor general of India, subsequently discovered that he was engaged in intrigues with the French and making preparations for war, and in February, 1799, on his refusal to desist from arming his subjects, gave orders for the invasion of Mysore. Gens. Stuart and Harris defeated the Mysoreans in two encounters, at Sidasir and Malaveli; and the sultan himself was obliged to take refuge in Seringapatam, at the storming of which by Gen. Baird he was killed.