Tobit, a book of the Old Testament in the Roman Catholic canon, but regarded as apocryphal by Jews and Protestants. It contains the history of Tobit or Tobias, a pious Jew of the tribe of Naphtali, living in exile at Nineveh. Being purveyor to the court of King Shalmaneser, he became wealthy; but under.

Sennacherib he lost his position and his property, because he had buried Jews who had been executed. Having returned to Nineveh after the death of Sennacherib, he became blind; but he was cured by the application to his eyes of the gall of a fish which his son Tobias had brought home from a journey undertaken in company with the angel Raphael. The Greek text of the Septuagint, which some writers believe to be the original, and the Latin translation of Jerome, which he claims to have made from a Chaldaic text, differ considerably. The author is supposed to have been a Jew of Palestine, who, according to Ewald, most probably wrote in the far East about 350 B. C. Among the best commentaries are those of Fritzsche (Leipsic, 1853), Sengelmann (Hamburg, 1859), and Reusch (Freiburg, 1857).