I. A N. Province Of The Argentine Republic

A N. Province Of The Argentine Republic, bordering on Salta, the Gran Chaco, Santiago, and Catamarca; area, about 28,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1869, 108,602. In the west the surface is traversed by the Aconquija mountains, but in other directions there are extensive plains. The mountains abound in copper, silver, and other ores, but the mines are little worked. The most important rivers are the Salado, Tala, and Medinas. There are several shallow saline lakes, and in many places extensive tracts covered with fossil salt. The water of nearly all the streams is brackish. The climate of the plains is hot, but dry and healthful. The soil affords good crops of grain, sugar cane, tobacco, and fruits, and excellent pasturage. The chief exports are cattle and timber.

II. A City

A City, capital of the province, on the river Tala, in lat. 26° 51' S., Ion. 65° 15' W., 675 m. N. W. of Buenos Ayres, on a plain 2,490 ft. above the sea; pop. in 1869, 17,438. The streets are regularly laid out but narrow, and most of the houses are of two stories and open into spacious interior courts. The principal church, fronting on the plaza, has two towers and a lofty dome; and there are several other churches, a Franciscan and a Dominican monastery, the college of San Miguel, and other institutions. There are tanneries, manufactories of leather work, and brandy distilleries. It took an important part in the war with Spain, and here, on July 9, 1816, a congress of the La Plata states met and issued a declaration of independence.