I. An E. Government Of European Russia

An E. Government Of European Russia, bordering on Perm, Orenburg (of which till 1865 it formed the N. W. part), Samara, Kazan, and Viatka; area, 47,031 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,364,925. The Ural mountains constitute the E. frontier; the rest of the surface is hilly or level. It is watered by the Bielaya river, a tributary of the Kama, and its numerous affluents, the most important of which is the Ufa. The region of the Bielaya is the most fertile in the Ural mountains.

II. A City

A City, capital of the government, at the confluence of the Ufa and Bielaya, built on rocks and surrounded by mountains, 200 m. N. by E. of Orenburg; pop. in 1867, 20,166. It is the seat of a Greek bishop and of a Mohammedan mufti, and has an ecclesiastical seminary, a gymnasium, 12 Greek churches, and a mosque. In January a large fair is held, lasting ten days. Ufa was laid out as a fortress toward the close of the 16th century, and was improved after a conflagration in 1816.