Vincent Benedetti, count, a French diplomatist, born in Corsica about 1815. He is of Greek origin, and the husband of a wealthy Greek lady, was French consul in Cairo and Palermo, secretary of legation in Constantinople, director of the political department in the ministry of foreign affairs, and secretary during the negotiation of the treaty of Paris (1856). His acquaintance with Count Cavour led to his being sent in 1860 to Turin to negotiate the final cession of Savoy and Nice to France; and he was ambassador there in 1861-'2. In 1864 he was appointed ambassador to Berlin, and was made a count in 1869. In 1870 he was ordered to protest against the candidature of Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern for the throne of Spain. The Prussian cabinet rejected this protest July 4, upon which Ben-edetti appealed in person to the king of Prussia at Ems on July 9, and again on July 11, but the king declined to interfere. The prince of Hohenzollern voluntarily withdrew from the candidature July 12. Benedetti was nevertheless instructed to insist upon King William's apologizing to Napoleon III. for having sanctioned it, and upon his pledging himself against its renewal; and although Count Bismarck declined to entertain this demand, the French envoy importuned the king personally in the public walks at Ems July 13, in a manner so displeasing that he was informed-that no further interviews would be granted to him.

He thereupon left Ems (July 14) for Paris, and war against Prussia was virtually declared on the following day by a resolution of the corps Legwlatif, and formally by the government on July 19. Benedetti having accused Bismarck at that period of having originated in 1860 an alleged Franco-Prussian treaty for a mutual cession of territory, the latter had documentary evidence published Aug. 10,1870, showing that the French ambassador initiated these negotiations on Aug. 5, 1866, by the direction of Napoleon III. Benedetti published in 1871 Ma mission en Prusse (3d ed., 1872), disavowing any intentional rudeness toward the king, and maintaining that he acted throughout in simple obedience to his instructions.