Vino's Winds Or Slovens (Slav. Sloventzi), a Slavic people inhabiting chiefly the rural districts of the Illyrian provinces of Cisleithan Austria. They are also designated as southern Wends, in contradistinction to the Wends of northern Germany. (See Wends.) They belong to the Illyro-Servian branch of the Slavs, and their number in Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, and the Littorale amounts to about 1,200,000, besides whom there are some Winds in southwestern Hungary and in Friuli, Italy. Their relation to the Veneti of the ancients is a matter of learned controversy. (See Venetia.) About A. D. 600 they appear in their present abodes, in warfare with the dukes of Bavaria, and subsequently with the margraves of Friuli. In the 8th century they became subject to the Frankish empire, and their territory, then often designated as Corutania, was constituted by Charlemagne a borderland under the name of the Windish March. This was subsequently broken up and largely Germanized. The oldest remnants of Windish or more properly Slovenish literature, consisting of religious pieces, date from the 10th century. The reformation gave new life to the Slavic vernacular in these regions, which did not entirely cease with the extirpation of Protestantism, and a new literary revival began toward the close of the 18th century.
This movement, which was subsequently fostered by Kopitar and other writers, has of late also assumed a political form, allying itself to similar agitations in Croatia and other Slavic parts of the Austrian empire, and increasing its internal complications.