A N. W. County Of Georgia, drained by the Chattooga and Chickamauga rivers; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,925, of whom 1,529 were colored. It is traversed by Taylor's ridge, and contains Pigeon, White Oak, and Lookout mountains. The soil along the streams is very rich. Bituminous coal, marble, limestone, gypsum, and lead abound, and there are several fine mineral springs. Crawfish spring, 12 m. N. of the capital, affords water sufficient to float a steamboat within a short distance from the cavern from which it issues. The chief productions in 1870 were 107,901 bushels of wheat, 226,194 of Indian corn, 28,547 of oats, 4,903 of Irish and 18,022 of sweet potatoes, 71,837 lbs. of butter, 13,319 of wool, and 3,268 of tobacco. There were 1,608 horses, 1,933 milch cows, 2,949 other cattle, 5,673 sheep, and 12,413 swine. Capital, Lafayette.
A N. W. County Of Alabama, drained by Mulberry river and Lost creek, affluents of the Black Warrior, and by the Sipsy and Blackwater rivers; area, 828 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,543, of whom 308 were colored. The surface is hilly and the soil in the valleys very fertile. Bituminous coal is found, and there is an abundance of choice timber. The chief productions in 1870 were 9,606 bushels of wheat, 158,810 of rye, 33,553 of sweet potatoes, 36,652 lbs. of butter, 3,242 of wool, and 1,213 -of tobacco. There were 962 horses, 2,107 milch cows, 4,073 other cattle, 3,361 sheep, and 1,795 swine. Capital, Jasper.
An E. County Of Texas, bounded N. E. by Trinity river; area, 854 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,776, of whom 5,823 were colored. The surface is level, and the soil a rich alluvium. It is intersected by the Houston and Great Northern railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 186,401 bushels of Indian corn, 35,536 of sweet potatoes, 38,226 lbs. of butter, and 5,524 bales of cotton. There were 1,680 horses, 2,904 milch cows, 9,606 other cattle, 2,551 sheep, and 8,126 swine; 3 saw mills, 1 cotton mill, and 1 woollen mill. Capital, Huntsville.