John, founder of the London "Times," born in 1739, died in Teddington, Middlesex, Nov. 16, 1812. He was by trade a printer, and about 1780 became possessed of two patents issued to one Henry Johnson for an invention called logography, which consisted in printing with types representing entire words or their roots and terminations, instead of single letters. On Jan. 18,1785, he published the first number of a newspaper entitled "The London Daily Universal Register, printed logographically." The logographic system proved a failure, but the paper prospered, and on Jan. 1, 1788, was issued under the title of "The Times, or Daily Universal Register." H. John, son of the preceding, born in London in 1784, died there, July 28, 1847. At the age of 19 he became manager of the "Times," which then circulated about 1,000 copies, and succeeded in increasing the circulation within 10 years to 5,000. He interested himself in the improvement of the printing press, and the number of the "Times" for Nov. 29, 1814, was announced as the first sheet ever printed by steam, being executed on Konig's press. (See Printing, vol. xiii., p. 853.) Mr. Walter was elected to parliament for Berkshire in 1832, was reelected in 1835, and resigned in 1837. In 1841 he was elected for Nottingham.
John, son of the preceding, born in London, Oct. 8, 1818. He was educated at Eton and Oxford, and since his father's death has conducted the "Times." He was called to the bar in 1847, and represented Nottingham in parliament from 1847 to 1859, when he was elected for Berkshire. He was defeated in 1865, but reelected in 1868 and 1874.