William L (Friedrich Wilhelm Karl), king of Wiirtemberg, born at Lüben, Silesia, Sept. 27, 1781, died in the palace of Rosenau, near Stuttgart, June 25, 1864. He was a son of Frederick I., first king of Wiirtemberg, and of his first wife, the princess Augusta of Brunswick -Wolfenbüttel. He distinguished himself in the Austrian army at Hohenlinden, and lived in retirement at Stuttgart as crown prince from 1806 to 1812. He then took command of the Wiirtemberg contingent in Russia against the French, but became disabled by illness. His father joined the allies after the battle of Leipsic, and William commanded the 7th corps, including Austrian and Russian regiments, in the campaigns of 1814- '15. On the death of his father, Oct. 30,1816, he succeeded to the throne. He promulgated a constitution in 1819, and improved the national prosperity. The country was not disturbed by the revolutions of 1848. In 1814 he was divorced from the princess Charlotte of Bavaria, who became the fourth wife of Francis I. of Austria. His second wife, the grand duchess Catharine of Russia, bore him the present queen of Holland and another daughter, and died in 1819. (See Catharine Paulovna.) His third wife, his cousin Pauline of Würtemberg (died 1873), bore two daughters and a son, the present king Charles I.