Abbe Combalot Theodore

Abbe Combalot Theodore, a French priest and author, born at Chatenay (Isere), Aug. 21, 1798, died in Paris, March 15, 1873. He studied philosophy and theology, was ordained priest in 1821, and acquired celebrity as an eloquent ultramontane preacher. Pope Gregory XVI. appointed him apostolic vicar, and in the latter part of his life he was vicar general of Rouen, Arras, and Montpellier. In 1844 he was sentenced to a month's imprisonment in consequence of his violent Memoire adresse aux eveques de France et aux peres de famille sur la guerre faite d la societe par le monopole universitaire. His other writings include La connaissance de Jesus-Christ, etc. (4th ed., 1852); Conference sur les grandeurs de la Sainte Vierge (1845; new ed., 1854); and Nouvelles conferences prechees d Paris, a Lyons, en Belgique, etc, depuis le decret dog-matique de l'immaculee conception (2 vols., Lyons, 1864).

Abel Boyer

Abel Boyer, an English historian and lexicographer, born at Castres, France, June 13, 1664, died at Chelsea, Nov. 16, 1729. He was a French Protestant refugee who settled in London in 1689, and was for some time a teacher. He figures in Pope's "Dunciad," and compiled the "Political State of Great Britain," a monthly publication, continued till 1740, making 60 vols. 8vo.; "Annals of the Reign of Queen Anne" (11 vols.); "History of William III." (3 vols.); and, besides other works, published a " Life of Sir William Temple" (1714). He also wrote a French-English dictionary and grammar, which remained in very general use almost to the present time.

Abel De Pujol

See Abel de Pujol.

Abel Janssen Tasman

Abel Janssen Tasman, a Dutch navigator, born at Hoorn about 1600, died probably on his second voyage to New Guinea and New Holland. In 1642 he was sent by Van Diemen, governor general of the Dutch East India company, to explore the extent of the continent of New Holland. He set sail from Batavia on Aug. 14, and on Nov. 24 discovered the island to which he gave the name of the governor general (now Tasmania). He subsequently discovered New Zealand, the islands of the Three Kings, and the archipelagos of the Friendly and Feejee islands, and returned to Batavia after a voyage of 10 months. On Jan. 29, 1644, he undertook a second voyage along the coasts of New Guinea and New Holland, the details of which are unknown. He published a narrative of his first voyage, which was reprinted with the voyage of Coreal at Amsterdam in 1722.

Aberration Of Light

See Aberration.

Abiel Abbot Livermore

Abiel Abbot Livermore, an American clergyman, born in Wilton, N. II., Oct, 30, 1811.

He graduated at Harvard college in 1833, studied in the Cambridge divinity school, and was ordained as pastor of the Unitarian church in Keene, N. H., Nov. 2, 1836. In 1850 he became pastor of the Unitarian church in Cincinnati, and in 1857 editor of the "Christian Inquirer" in New York, and pastor of the first Unitarian Congregational church in Yon-kers. In 1863 he was chosen president of the theological seminary at Meadville, Pa. His principal works are: "The Four Gospels," with a commentary (2 vols., Boston, 1841-'2; Belfast, Ireland, 1844); "The Acts of the Apostles," with a commentary (Boston, 1844; London, 1846); "Lectures to Young Men on their Moral Dangers and Duties" (1846); "The Marriage Offering," a compilation of prose and poetry (1848); "The War with Mexico Reviewed," a prize essay (1850); " Discourses " (1854); and " Christian Hymns " (5th ed., 1859).