Adamo Tadolini, an Italian sculptor, born in Bologna in 1789. He studied in the academy of Bologna, and settled in Rome. In 1812 he received for his " Dying Ajax " the grand prize instituted by Canova, under whose direction he executed from 1813 to 1820 many works, including a statue of Washington. His subsequent productions comprise "Venus and Amor," "The Abduction of Ganymede," "Francis de Sales," " A Bacchante," and "The Archangel St. Michael," a colossal marble group for which an American is said to have paid $40,-000 (1869).
Adelaide Borghi-Mamo, an Italian opera singer, born in Bologna, Aug. 9, 1830. She made her debut at Bologna in December, 1846, and has since sung in the leading cities of Europe with great success., Her voice is a contralto of remarkable compass and power.
Adelaide Ristori, marchioness del Grillo, an Italian actress, born at Cividale in Friuli in 1821. Her parents were comedians, and brought her up for the stage. Previous to her marriage in 1847 with the marquis Capran-ica del Grillo she excelled chiefly in comedy. Subsequently she became celebrated in tragedy, especially as Myrrha, Francesca da Rimini, Pia dei Tolomei, Mary Stuart, and Queen Elizabeth. She first appeared in Paris in 1855, and in 1867 and 1875 she visited the United States.
Adolf Bottger, a German poet, born in Leipsic, May 21, 1815, died there, Nov. 16, 1870. He studied at the university of Leipsic,, and his father, the author of a German-English dictionary, instructed him in the English and other foreign languages. He translated Byron (1840), Pope (1842), Goldsmith's poems (1843), Milton's poetical works (1846), Os-sian (1847), Shakespeare's "As You Like It," "Midsummer Night's Dream," and "Much Ado about Nothing" (1847), Racine's Phedre and Ponsard's Odyssee (1853), and Longfellow's " Hiawatha " (1856). Among his principal poems are Pausanias, Ber Fall von Babylon, Ha-bana, and Die Tochter des Kain. One of his most idyllic productions is Goethe's Jugendliebe, a description of some of Goethe's love affairs. A complete edition of his original poetical, dramatic, and prose works has been published in Leipsic in 8 vols. (1864 et seq.).
Adolf Erik Nordenskjold, a Swedish explorer, born in Helsingfors, Nov. 18, 1832. In 1858 he became professor of mineralogy in Stockholm, and between 1859 and 1868 took part in four arctic expeditions, the most important of which, in 1868, resulted in thoroughly ascertaining the situation of Spitz-bergen. From 1870 to 1872 he was a member of the second Swedish chamber, and during the summer of 1870 he explored Greenland, going further into the interior than any previous scientific traveller. He has written narratives of his third arctic expedition of 1864. and of his Greenland expedition of 1870. In July, 1872, he was placed in command of and antarctic expedition.