Alexandre Auguste Guilmeth

Alexandre Auguste Guilmeth, a French archaeologist, born at Brionne, Lure. Dec. 2, 1807. He was educated at the college of Bernay, and has been successively master of studio in the college of Rouen, inspector general in that of Amiens, and censor and superintendent in the colleges of Dieppe and Juilly. He early devoted himself to the study of the archaeology of Normandy, and has published many historical works on its celebrated localities and cities, including Brionne, Pont-Audemer, Evreux, Dieppe, Havre, Yvetot, and Elbeuf, all of which have been collected under the title La description historique de ta Normandie (12 vols. 8vo, 1836-50), with plans and engravings. A Notice biographique et litteraire sur A. A. Guilmeth was published in 1800.

Alexandre Beamamais

Alexandre Beamamais, vicomte de, a French general, born in the island of Martinique in 1760, guillotined in Paris, July 23, 1794. He was major in a regiment of infantry when be married Josephine Tascher de la Pa-gerie, who became after his death the wife of Bonaparte. He distinguished himself in the American war, under the command of Count Rochambeau. In 1789 he was elected deputy to the states general by the nobles of Blois, and was among the first of his order who joined the tiers-etat. He was twice president of the national assembly, and occupied the chair when the flight of Louis XVI. was made known. A little later he joined, as a general of division, the army of Oustine on the Rhine, and was accused of causing the surrender of Mentz by his inaction, for which he was condemned to death by the revolutionary tribunal.

Alexandre Calame

Alexandre Calame, a Swiss painter, born at Vevay, May 28, 1810, died at Mentone, March 19, 1864. He early lost his father, but through the assistance of the banker Diodati he was enabled to study at Geneva under Di-day, whom he eventually succeeded as principal of the school of painting in that city. He explored picturesque sites in Switzerland and France, and produced between 1838 and 1844 many pictures of Alpine scenery, among the best of which are the passes of Monte Rosa and Mont Cervin, the "Storm in a Forest," and the "Lake of the Four Cantons." In 1845 he went to Italy; and his best pictures of Italian scenery represent the ruins of Pactum. He also produced many fine engravings. He spent the latter part of his life in Geneva.

Alexandre Etienne Choron

Alexandre Etienne Choron, a French musician and author, born at Caen, Oct. 21, 1771, died in Paris, June 29,1834. He invented a system of notation in order to preserve the songs which he heard or composed. He afterward studied music under the best masters, but was equally interested in the physical sciences and mathematics. In 1794 he was appointed chief of brigade to the polytechnic school, where he passed several years. In 1815 he became director of the opera, which office he held for only 17 months. He founded in 1817 a musical school for children, which afterward took the name of Institution royale de musique religieuse. His most important work is his Principes de composition des ecoles d'Italie. He left many others unfinished, among them a Dictionnaire historique des musiciens.