Alexandre Laemlein

Alexandre Laemlein, a French painter, born at Hohenfeld, Bavaria, Dec. 9, 1813. He went to Paris in his 10th year, to live with his uncle Alexandre Laemlein, the author of a cyclopaedia of chess, and became a naturalized French citizen in 1848, and professor of drawing at the special school of design in 1855. His works include many historical portraits at Versailles, and many large paintings, as "The Chastity of Joseph," " The Awakening of Adam," and "Tabitha resuscitated by St. Peter." The last was purchased by the government for the church of Saint Pierre de Gobert near Agen, where it has become a shrine for pilgrims. His "Charity," "Jacob's Ladder," and "Vision of Zacharias" are all powerful paintings, which were much admired at the exhibition of 1855. Among his later works are "Music" (1852), "Diana and Endymion" (1857), "Job" (1857), "The Love of Angels" (1863), "Orpheus" (1866), and "Hope" (1868).

Alexandrine Sophie Conry De Champgrand Bawr

Alexandrine Sophie Conry De Champgrand Bawr, baroness de, a French dramatist and novelist, born in Stuttgart in 1773, died in Paris, Jan. 1, 1861. She received lessons in musical composition from Gretry. She married when still young the count de St. Simon, the founder of the Saint Simonian school. Her husband, thinking her unfit to be the wife of the first man in the world, sued for a divorce, which was granted. Left to her own resources, Alexandrine composed songs (romances), and afterward wrote plays under the assumed name of M. Francois. In 1806 she married the wealthy baron de Bawr, with whom she lived for a few months in happy retirement; but a frightful accident carried him off suddenly; and a little later her fortune having been lost, she wrote some novels and plays which brought her both money and fame. Some of her plays are still occasionally performed, and her novels, Le novice, Raoul, ou l'Eneide, etc, were successful.

Alexandrinus Pappus

Alexandrinus Pappus, a Greek geometer, who flourished according to Suidas in the latter part of the 4th century of our era, though by some modern critics he has been placed in the latter half of the 2d. He wrote several works, all of which have perished except the last six out of the eight books of the " Mathematical Collections." There is no edition of the Greek text, but two have been printed of the Latin version; a portion of the original was printed by Dr. Wallis (London, 1688).

Alexei Petrovitch Sumarokoff

Alexei Petrovitch Sumarokoff, a Russian dramatist, born in Moscow in November, 1727, died there in October, 1777. He was educated at St. Petersburg, and the empress Elizabeth placed him in the school of cadets. In 1756 he founded the first national theatre at St. Petersburg, and became its director with the rank of brigadier general. Catharine II. made him councillor of state. He modelled his plays after Corneille, Racine, and Voltaire. Among his tragedies are Khoreff and Sinaffi Truvor. He also wrote prose works, satires, and other poetry. His complete writings (10 vols., 1787) have passed through several editions.