Alfred Moore, an American jurist, great-grandson of Sir Nathaniel Moore, governor of Carolina in 1705, born in Brunswick co., N. C, May 21, 1755, died at Belfont, N. C, Oct. 15, 1810. At the age of 20 he became captain in a regiment of North Carolina troops, commanded by his uncle Col. James Moore. He subsequently resigned, but when the British seized Wilmington, he raised a troop of volunteers, with whom he rendered great service to the American cause. The war left him penniless, and the general assembly in 1790 made him attorney general; and though he had not yet mastered the first rudiments of law, he soon attained by hard study a foremost rank in his profession, was raised to the bench in 1798, and became associate justice of the supreme court of the United States in 1799. He resigned in 1805.
Alfred Rethel, a German painter, born in Aix-la-Chapelle in 1816, died in Düsseldorf, Dec. 1, 1859. He studied under Schadow and Veit, visited Italy, and became insane in 1852. His principal works are the frescoes illustrating the history of Charlemagne in the town hall of Aix-la-Chapelle, his designs of "Hannibal crossing the Alps," and those of the "Dance of Death." His large cartoons of "Charlemagne at the Council of Frankfort" and "The embassy of the Caliph Haroun al-Eashid to Charlemagne" are at Düsseldorf.
Alfred Waterhouse, an English architect, born in Liverpool in 1830. He completed his studies in Italy, and in 1859 became known by his Gothic assize building in Manchester, to which he added the county prison in the Romanesque style. His subsequent works include the new Balliol college at Oxford, the Caius and Pembroke colleges at Cambridge, and the new town hall of Manchester.
Alfred Wilhelm Volkmam, a German physiologist, born in Leipsic, July 1, 1801. He graduated in medicine at Leipsic in 1826, became extraordinary professor there in 1834, and in 1837 was appointed professor of physiology at Dorpat. In 1843 he received the same chair at Halle, and afterward also that of anatomy. His works include Anatomia Animalium (Leipsic, 1831-'3); Neue Beitrage zur Pliysiologie des Gesichtsinnes (1836); Lie Lehre torn leibUcTien Leoen (1837); Die Selbständigkeit des sympathetiscTien Nervensystems, written jointly with F. H. Bidder (1842); and Phiysiologische Untersuchungen im Gebiete der Optik (1863-'4).
Alonso Cano, surnamed El Racionero, a Spanish painter, sculptor, and architect, born in Granada, March 19, 1601, died there, Oct. 5, 1665. He became so distinguished in each of these arts that his countrymen called him the Michel Angelo of Spain. His " Conception of the Virgin," in the church of San Diego at Granada, is considered his masterpiece. His works in sculpture and architecture are numerous. He was a contemporary of Velasquez, and in 1638 was appointed court painter to Philip IV. His ungovernable temper on various occasions brought him in collision with the authorities, and he was once put to the rack on suspicion of having killed his wife in a fit of jealousy, but was subsequently absolved from the charge. On this occasion his right arm was exempted from torture, as being ex-cellens in arte. It is related that on his deathbed he refused to take the crucifix from the priest on account of its bad.workmanship.