Alonso Fernando De Ayellaneda

Alonso Fernando De Ayellaneda, the real or assumed name of the author of the spurious Segunda parte del ingenioso Hidalgo D. Quixote (Tarragona, 1614; French translation by Le Sage, Paris, 1704-'6). Though Avellaneda seems to have been known in an obscure man-ner to his contemporaries and to Cervantes himself, the authorship of the book, which appeared under his name many years in advance of the real second part of "Don Quixote," has been assigned, but without conclusive authority, to Luis de Aliaga, the king's confessor, and also to Juan Blanco de Paz, a i Dominican friar. Cervantes refrained from noticing the publication until the 59th chapter of his own second part. Mr. Ticknor, in his "History of Spanish Literature," says of Ave-llaneda's book that, "if not without merit in some respects, it is generally low and dull, and would now be forgotten if it were not connected with the fame of Don Quixote."

Alonzo Ames Miner

Alonzo Ames Miner, an American clergyman, born in Lempster, N. II., Aug. 17, 1814. lie was principal of the scientific and military academy of Unity, N. H, from 1835 to 1839, when he was ordained a minister of the Uni-versalist church, was settled at Methuen, Mass., and in 1842 took charge of the second Univer-salist church in Lowell. In 1848 he was associate pastor, and in 1852 pastor of the second Universalist church in Boston. He was president of Tufts college, Somerville, Mass., from July, 1862, to November, 1874, when he resigned to return to his former charge in Boston. He has edited "The Star of Bethlehem," has contributed to periodicals, and has been prominent as an anti-slavery and temperance lecturer.

Aloys Pichler

Aloys Pichler, a German author, born at Burgkirchen, Bavaria, in 1833, died at Siegs-dorf, June 3, 1874. He studied at Munich, was ordained a priest in 1859, and was professor at Munich from 1862 to 1869, when he became director of the imperial library at St. Petersburg. He was accused in 1871 of purloining books from it, and banished to Siberia, but was pardoned and returned to Germany. He published Geschichte der Mrchlichen Trennung zwischen dem Orient und Occident (2 vols., Munich, 1864), and Die Theologie des Leibniz (2 vols., 1869-'70).

Aloys Sprenger

Aloys Sprenger, a German orientalist, born at . Nassereut, Tyrol, Sept. 3, 1813. After studying at Vienna, he went in 1836 to London, where he assisted the earl of Minister in his work on the " Military, Science of the Mohammedan Nations." He joined the East India service, in 1845 became president of the college of Delhi, and in 1850 examiner at the college of Fort William, Calcutta, government interpreter, and secretary of the Asiatic society. He published in the Bildiotheea Indica translations from the Arabic and Persian, besides works in the Urdu dialect, and a " Life of Mohammed" (vol. i., Allahabad, 1851). He returned to Europe in 1857, became professor of oriental languages in Bonn, and published Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohamad (3 vols., Berlin, 1861-'5; 2d ed., 1868 et-seq.).