Andrea Di Cione. See Orcagna.
Andrea Di Luigi, called also L'Ingegno and Andrea di Assisi, an Italian painter, born in Assisi about the middle of the 15th century, died subsequent to 1511. Vasari says that he was an artist of great genius, the rival and fellow pupil of Raphael, and that in the bloom of youth and the maturity of his powers he was suddenly afflicted with total blindness while assisting his master Perugino in painting his frescoes in the Sistine chapel; whereupon he was pensioned by Sixtus IV. Rumohr in his Italienische Forschungen has satisfactorily proved the whole story to be a fiction, and has assigned to Luigi a much lower place as an artist than he has hitherto held.
Andrea Vacca Berllxghieri, an Italian surgeon, born in Pisa in 1772, died there, Sept. 6, 1826. He studied anatomy at Paris, under Desault, and in England, under Hunter and Bell, and on his return to Pisa published some observations on Bell's system of surgery. In 1799 he was appointed to assist his father, who was professor of surgery in the university of Pisa, and three years later was placed at the head of the school of clinical surgery, which was then founded. He invented useful instruments for performing the operations of cystot-omv and asophagotomy, and for the treatment of trichiasis, the lachrymal fistula, and the fracture of the femur bone. He made improvements in many other surgical instruments and processes, and was the author of numerous treatises on professional topics.
Andrea Vaccaro, an Italian painter, born in Naples in 1598, died there in 1670. He was a pupil of Stanzioni, after whose death he was at the head of the Neapolitan school. One of his best works is a "Holy Family" in the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli at Naples.
Andrea Verrocchio, an Italian artist, born in Florence in 1432, died there in 1488. He was at once a sculptor, a goldsmith, and a painter, but most distinguished as a sculptor. Perugino and Leonardo da Vinci were his pupils. He was the first to take moulds of the human form to aid in designing. The pictures attributed to him are generally spurious.
Andreas Gryphius, a German poet, born at Glogau, Silesia, Oct. 11, 1616, died there, July 16, 1664. He studied at Dantzic and Leyden, travelled in France and Italy, and spent the last part of his life as syndic of Glogau. His tragedies are stilted imitations of the Greek and Latin dramas, but his comedies have much merit, and a new edition of some of them appeared in 1855. He also wrote a Latin religious epic, Olivetum. His select poems are contained in W. Muller's collection of German poets of the 17th century (2 vols., Leipsic, 1822).
Andrew Archibald Paton, an English author, born in 1809, died in Ragusa, April 3, 1874. He early devoted himself to geographical and ethnological explorations and researches, and published " The Modern Syrians " (1843), " Ser-via" (1844), "The Highlands and Islands of the Adriatic " (1849), " The Goth and the Hun " (1850), and "The Bulgarian, the Turk, and the German" (1855), the last four collected under the title of "Researches on the Danube and the Adriatic " (2 vols., 1862). Among his other works are: " Mamelukes " (1851); " Me-lusina, a new Arabian Nights' Entertainment" (1861); and " Sketches of the Ugly Side of Human Nature " (1867).