Andrew Baxter

Andrew Baxter, a Scottish metaphysician and philosopher, born at Aberdeen in 1686 or 1687, died at Wittingham in 1750. He was a teacher of private pupils, gentlemen of rank, with whom he frequently travelled on the continent, spending some years in Utrecht. His greatest work is "An Inquiry into the Nature of the Human Soul, wherein its Immateriality is evinced from the Principles of Reason and Philosophy" (4to, 1730; 3d and best ed., 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1745; appendix, 1750). In this treatise some opinions are advanced which were more thoroughly argued by Priestley. In a later work, entitled Matho, she Cosmotheoria Puerilis (2 vols. 8vo and 12mo), he attempted to simplify questions of science, and adapt them to the capacity of children. He left behind him many unfinished treatises. As a student he was indefatigable, spending whole nights in literary toil.

Andrew Bell

Andrew Bell, an English clergyman, born at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1753, died at Cheltenham, England, Jan. 27, 1832. After studying in St. Andrews university, he visited America, and in 1789 went to India, where at Madras he became chaplain of Fort St. George. He found in the mission schools of India a monitorial system, which on his return to England he proposed for adoption into English schools. It consists in a division of the school into classes, and of the classes into pairs, the two members of a pair being each pupil and tutor of the other. It was not, however, till an analogous system had been introduced by the Quaker Joseph Lancaster into the schools of the dissenters, that Dr. Bell was authorized by the English church to employ it in schools under his charge. He published several works upon educational subjects, and left his fortune (amounting to more than £120,000) for the endowment of schools.

Andrew Borde

Andrew Borde, an English physician, born at Pevensey, Sussex, about 1500, died in London in April, 1549. He travelled in various parts of Europe and Africa, and finally settled down as a physician in England. It is said that he became fellow of the college of physicians in London, but he died insolvent in the Fleet prison. He wrote several works of a humorous character, and is said to have given rise to the phrase " merry Andrew," from his practice of making droll speeches at fairs and public gatherings, to attract the people.

Andrew Kippis

An English clergyman, born in Nottingham in 1725, died in London in 1795. He was educated at Northampton, in the theological seminary of Dr. Doddridge, and, after being a Unitarian pastor for some years at Boston in Lincolnshire and Dorking in Surrey, he removed in 1753 to London, where he became minister of the Unitarian chapel of Prince street, Westminster. In 1763 he became classical and philological master of Coward's theological academy, and he held a similar chair in the Unitarian institution at Hackney. His most important works are his edition of the "Biographia Britannica," which he commenced in 1777, and of which he published 5 vols.; and a " Life of Captain James Cook " (2 vols. 8vo, 1788). He also edited the works of Dr. Nathaniel Lardner and Dr. Doddridge.