Angnste Simon Jean Chrysostome Poirson

Angnste Simon Jean Chrysostome Poirson, a French historian, born in Paris, Aug. 20, 1795, died in July, 1871. The college of Charlemagne acquired great importance under his direction from 1837 to 1853, when he retired. His works include Histoire romaine (2 vols., Paris, 1827-8), Precis de F histoire de France (1834-'52), and Histoire de Henri IV. (3 vols., 1857; 2d ed., 4 vols., 1862-'7), which received the Gobert prize from the academy.

Angnstin Pajou

Angnstin Pajou, a French sculptor, born in Paris, Sept. 19, 1730, died there, May 8, 1809.

He passed 12 years as a government pensioner at Rome, and returned to Paris in 1760. He executed more than 200 works in stone, metal, and wood, and for many years was professor of sculpture in the academy of fine arts.

Angus Bethune Reach

Angus Bethune Reach, a British author, born in Inverness, Scotland, Jan. 23, 1821, died Nov. 25, 1856. He became about 1850 a reporter on the staff of the London "Morning Chronicle," composed much for the stage, and published "Claret and Olives: from the Garonne to the Rhône" (1852); two romances, "Clement Lorimer" (1849), and "Leonard Lindsay," a story of a buccaneer (1850); "Men of the Hour, in three Parts: Bores, Tuft Hunters, the Bal Masqué" (1856), etc.

Anguste Jal

Anguste Jal, a French author, born in Lyons, April 12, 1795. He became known as the author of numerous works on art, and especially on maritime archaeology, including Scenes de la vie maritime (3 vols., Paris, 1832); Arche-ologie navale (2 vols., 1839); Glossaire nau-tique, which obtained the second Gobert prize (1848); and La flotte de Cesar (1861). He published in 1864 Dictionnaire critique de biographic et d'hstoire, with the view of revising errors and of filling up gaps in cyclopaedias.

Anguste Nelaton

Anguste Nelaton, a French surgeon, born in Paris, June 17, 1807, died there, Sept. 21, 1873. He studied under Dupuytren, took his degree in 1836, and was surgeon of prominent hospitals, adjunct professor in the faculty of Paris from 1839 to 1851, and subsequently regular professor of clinical surgery till 1867. In 1868 he was made senator. He was also a member of the academy, and the favorite surgeon of Napoleon III. He invented a remarkable method for the immediate extraction of calculi, distinct from all the processes of lithotrity, and effected many successful operations in this and other branches of his profession. With Velpeau and others he published Rapport sur les progres de la chirurgie (1867); but his principal work is Elements de pathologie chirurgicale (5 vols., 1844-'60; 2d ed., 1867-70), of which vol. v., and according to some authorities also vol. iv., were written by Dr. A. Jamain.

Anicet Bourgeois

See Anicet-Bourgeois.

Animal Magnetism

See Animal Magnetism.

Ann Sophia Winterbotham (Stephens)

Ann Sophia Winterbotham (Stephens), an American authoress, born in Derby, Conn., in 1813. In 1832 she married Edward Stephens, a printer of Plymouth, Mass., in 1835-'7 edited the "Portland Magazine" and in 1836 the " Portland Sketch Book," and in 1837 removed to New York. She has since edited and contributed to various periodicals, and published many novels, one of the best known of which is "Fashion and Famine" (1851), which appeared in three French versions. A uniform edition of her works was published in Philadelphia in 1869 (14 vols. 12mo). Among her later novels are "Wives and Widows" (1869); "Married in Haste" (1870); "A Noble Woman" (1871); "The Reigning Belle" (1872); "Bellehood and Bondage" (1873); "Lord Hope's Choice," and its sequel, " The Old Countess" (1873); and "Phemie Frost's Experiences" (1874).