Anson Greene Phelps

Anson Greene Phelps, an American merchant, born in Simsbury, Conn., in March, 1781, died in New York, Nov. 30, 1853. He learned the trade of a saddler, and established himself in Hartford, with a branch business in Charleston, S. C. In 1815 he engaged in New York city as a dealer in tin plate and heavy metals. Having accumulated a large fortune partly by investments in real estate, he devoted himself to benevolent enterprises, and was president of the New York blind asylum, the American board of commissioners for foreign missions, and the New York branch of the colonization society. He bequeathed to charitable institutions sums amounting to $371,000, and placed in the hands of his only son a fund of $100,000, the interest to be distributed in charity at his son's discretion. In addition to large legacies to 24 grandchildren, he intrusted to each $5,000 for charitable purposes.

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, a French author and magistrate, born at Bellay, April 1, 1755, died in Paris, Feb. 2, 1826. He was a deputy to the states general in 1789, a judge of the court of cassation in 1792, and mayor of Bellay in 1793, in which year he fled to Switzerland and the United States to escape from the revolutionary tribunal, and resided nearly three years in New York, where he supported himself by teaching French and by performing in the orchestra of a theatre. He returned to France in 1796, and during the consulate again became a judge of the court of cassation, which position he held till his death. He is known to literature by his anonymous writings on political economy, and on the archaeology of the department of Ain, also by a work on duels; but chiefly by his famous book on gastronomy, entitled Physiologie du gout, published in 1825, which has been translated into English and several other languages.


Anthony , the third son, born Oct. 7, 1841, died July 5, 1800, from wounds which he received at the battle of Konig-gratz, July 3. Frederick, the fourth son, born June 25, 1843, is an officer of the Prussian dragoons of the guard.

Anthony A Wood

Anthony A Wood, an English antiquary, born in Oxford, Dec. 17, 1632, died Nov. 29, 1695. He was educated at Merton college, Oxford, and about 1655 began to transcribe the monumental inscriptions and arms in the parish churches and college chapels of the city and university, which led to his " History and Antiquities of Oxford," which was sold to the university, translated into Latin, and published in 1674. He is better known by his "Athenaa Oxonienses, an exact History of all the Writers and Bishops who have had their Education in the University of Oxford, from 1500 to 1690, to which are added the Fasti or Annals of the said University " (2 vols, fol., London, 1691-'2), which has been greatly improved by Dr. Bliss (4 vols. 4to, 1813-'20).

Anthony Ashley Cooper

See Shaftesbury.

Anthony Babington

Anthony Babington, an English conspirator, born at Dethick house, Derbyshire, about 1566, executed in London, Sept. 30, 1586. He belonged to the Roman Catholic branch of an ancient and opulent family, and when hardly 20 years of age became the leader of a band of young Catholics who were fired with enthusiasm for their faith and for the rescue of Mary Stuart, then a prisoner near the Babington estates. Betrayed by one of their companions, Babington and his 13 accomplices were arrested and executed. On the day before his execution he wrote to Elizabeth, whose murder was a part of the plot, confessing his guilt and imploring pardon. The execution of Mary was hastened by her correspondence with Babington.