Anton Friedrich Busching, a German geographer, born at Stadthagen, in Schaumburg-Lippe, Sept. 27, 1724, died in Berlin, May 28, 1793. His first geographical work, a description of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, was published in 1752. In 1754 he became professor of philosophy at Gottingen, and in 1761 pastor of the German Lutheran church in St. Petersburg. In 1766 he removed to Berlin. His most important work, the Erd-deschreibung, of which the first volume was published at Hamburg in 1754, was continued by various authors down to 1807. That division of it in which he describes the countries and nations of Europe (12 parts) was translated into English (6 vols. 4to, London, 1762). He wrote many other works, among which are Epitome Theologim (Lemgo, 1757) and Grundriss zu einer Geschichte der Philosophie (2 vols., Eisfeld. 1772-'84).
Anton Friedrich Justns Thibait, a German jurist, born in Hameln, Hanover, Jan. 4, 1774, died in Heidelberg, March 28, 1840. He graduated at Kiel, taught jurisprudence there from 1799 to 1802, and at Jena till 1805, and was afterward professor at Heidelberg till his death. In 1814 he advocated a national code, but Sa-vigny regarded it as premature. His principal work is System des Pandektenrechts (2 vols., Jena, 1803; 9th ed., 1846; abridged English translation, "Introduction to the Study of Jurisprudence," with notes by Nathaniel Lindley, London, 1855). Guyet has edited his posthumous writings (2 vols., Berlin, 1841-2).
Anton Petter, a German painter, born in Vienna, April 12, 1783, died there in 1858. He visited Rome in 1808, and won several prizes at the academy of Vienna, to which he was admitted in 1814 in reward for his "Me-leager murdered by his Mother in the Arms of his Wife." In 1820 he became professor, and in 1828 director of that institution. Among his best works are the "Meeting of Maximilian with his Bride, Mary of Burgundy," " Rudolph of Hapsburg," " Queen Joan beside the Coffin of her Husband Philip," and "Charles V. visiting his Prisoner, Francis I".
Anton Von Werner, a German painter, born in Frankfort-on-the-Oder, May 9, 1843. He studied at the Berlin academy and under Adolph Schroder in Carlsruhe, whose daughter he married. His " Luther before Cajetan " (1865) and "Conradin of Hohenstaufen and Frederick of Baden hearing the Sentence of Death" (1866) won a prize and gave him the means of studying abroad. In 1870 he completed for the Kiel gymnasium "Luther before the Diet of Worms " and " The National Uprising of 1813." At the recommendation of the grand duke of Baden he was invited to the German headquarters in France. In 1873 he was commissioned by the emperor to execute the large fresco for the triumphal column in the Königsplatz, Berlin, which commemorates victories in the Schleswig-Holstein, Austrian, and FrancoGerman wars.
Antoni Malczewski, a Polish poet, horn in Volhynia about 1792, died in Warsaw. May . 1826. He served in the army from 1811 to 1816, and afterward travelled in Italy, Switzerland, and France. Having gone to Volhynia, he eloped to Warsaw with the young wife of one of his neighbors, whom he had cured of a dangerous illness by magnetism. Want and misery, however, soon embittered the life of the lovers, and hastened the death of the poet. His principal work, Marja (Warsaw, 1825), a metrical romance in the style and spirit of Byron, which appeared in the last year of his life, was severely criticised, but is now generally recognized as one of the gems not only of Polish but of modern poetry. It has passed through numerous editions, and has been translated into French by Clemence Robert, and into German by K. R. Vogel.