Antoni Waterloo

Antoni Waterloo, a Dutch engraver, born about 1600, died near Utrecht in 1662. He was early admitted to the corporation of painters in Utrecht. Several of his landscapes of Dutch scenery are in Rotterdam, Berlin, Munich, and Dresden, and his "Fishermen" is at Florence. He excelled in engravings, which according to Bartsch comprise 136 pieces. Good impressions command high prices.

Antonio Balestra

Antonio Balestra, an Italian painter, born in Verona in 1666, died April 2, 1740, or according to some accounts in 1734 or 1744. He left commerce for art, studied in Venice, Bologna, Rome, and Naples, and became a member of the academy of St. Luke in Rome, which conferred a prize upon his "Defeat of the Giants." In 1695 he removed to Venice, and afterward to Verona. He was one of the last great representatives of the Venetian school. He engraved in aquatint, and must not be confounded with the copperplate engraver Giovanni Balestra.

Antonio Cagnoli

Antonio Cagnoli, an Italian mathematician, born at Zante, Sept. 29, 1743, died in Verona, Aug. 6, 1816. The son of a functionary of the republic of Venice, he spent some time as secretary of legation at Madrid, and subsequently went to Paris, where he devoted himself to the study of astronomy, and built an observatory. Afterward he lived at Verona till 1797, when the French invasion compelled him to leave the city. He taught astronomy at Modena for a time, and finally returned to Verona, He was the author of works on astronomy and trigonometry, and of many papers in the memoirs of the Italian society.

Antonio Caldara

Antonio Caldara, an Italian composer, born in Venice in 1678, died there, Aug. 28, 1763. At the age of 18 he wrote a successful opera, and for many years devoted himself exclusively to that species of composition. He was for a while instructor in music to the emperor Charles VI. at Vienna. He abandoned the stage on the failure of his opera of " Themis-tocles" in 1736, and during the remainder of his life wrote sacred music.

Antonio Caldas Pereira De Souza

Antonio Caldas Pereira De Souza, a Brazilian poet, born in Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 23, 1762, died there, March 2, 1814. He studied at the university of Coimbra in Portugal, and spent most of his life in Europe, returning to Brazil in 1808. While at the university he gave umbrage to the inquisition, and on being consigned to a convent devoted himself to the clerical profession. His writings, which are marked by a high moral tone, especially an ode on "Man in the State of Barbarism," were published in Paris in 1821, under the title of Poesias sagradas e profanas, with a commentary by Gen. Stockier. A new edition was brought out at Coimbra in 1836.

Antonio Cesari

Antonio Cesari, an Italian author, born in Verona about 1700, died in Ravenna, Oct. 1, 1828. He took holy orders, and early joined the order of Oratorians. His principal works include new editions of the Vocabolario della Crusca (6 vols., 1800-'9), Bellezze della Corn-media del Dante (1824-0), and translations of Horace, Terence, and Cicero. Four separate biographies of Cesari have been published in Florence, Verona, Padua, and Ravenna (1829-'42).