Arnaud Berquin. a French author, born in Bordeaux in 1749, died in Paris, Dec. 21,1791. His idyls and ballads, and especially Genevieve de Brabant, became very popular, and still more his numerous writings for children, including brief stories and plays. His principal work of the kind, l'Ami des enfants (24 vols. 12mo, 1782-'3), obtained a prize from the French academy in 1784, and has been translated into German. Many of the stories were taken from Christian Felix "Weisse's Kinder-freund (1776-'82), but adapted so admirably to the French as to convey an impression of their originality. He also published a free translation of Mrs. Trimmer's "Easy Introduction to the Knowledge of Nature," wrote novels, edited for some time the Moniteur, and, in conjunction with other journalists, Lafeville xillageoise. Complete editions of bis writings appeared in 1796-1803, and the last in 4 vols, large 8vo, 1836.
Arnold Bocklin, a Swiss painter, born in Basel in 1827. He studied in Dusseldorf, Paris, and Rome, was professor of landscape painting at the Weimar academy in 1860-'62, and has since resided in Rome. His principal works, remarkable for their powerful though ideal delineation of scenery, are in Munich, Berlin, and Basel. Among them are "Pan," "Amazons Hunting in the Forest," and "A Panic."
Arnold Struth Von Winkelried, a Swiss patriot, whose heroism decided the battle of Sempach, July 9, 1386, in which a large Austrian army was engaged against only 1,300 Swiss. The latter had failed to penetrate the enemy's line, when Winkelried, grasping all the Austrian pikes within his reach, buried them in his body and bore them to the earth, while over him his companions rushed into the opening and defeated the Austrians with terrible slaughter. A monument to him was erected at Stanz, canton of Unterwalden, in 1865. - See Liebenau, Arnold Winkelried, seine Zeit und seine That (Aarau, 1862), and Kleissner, Die Quellen zur Sempacher Schlacht und die Winkelried-Sage (Göttingen, 1873).
Arthur Capel, lord, an English royalist, elected to the long parliament in 1640, beheaded March 9, 1649. He voted for the death of Strafford, and then, returning to the cause of Charles I., raised and maintained a troop in his interest, and fought against the parliamentarians at Bristol, Exeter, Taunton, and Colchester. Captured in the last named city, he was condemned for treason, and met his death with firmness. He wrote " Daily Observations or Meditations, Divine, Moral, and Political." - His son, also named Arthur, born in 1635, created earl of Essex by Charles II. in 1661, was lord lieutenant of Ireland, 1672-'6. Afterward involving himself among the enemies of the court, he was arraigned for participation in the Eye House plot, and was found with his throat cut in the tower, July 13, 1683.
Arthur Cayley, an English mathematician, born at Richmond in 1821. He was educated at King's college, London, and afterward at Trinity college, Cambridge. He was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1849, and subsequently practised as a conveyancer till 1863, when he was called to the newly instituted Sadlerian professorship of pure mathematics in Cambridge university, which post he still occupies (1873). He is a fellow of the royal society, and correspondent of the French institute for the section of astronomy. He has contributed numerous valuable papers to the "Philosophical Transactions" and other scientific publications.