Assiay. See Asuay.
Assisi (anc. Asisium), a town of Italy, in the province and 13 m. E. S. E. of Perugia, picturesquely situated on the declivity of a steep hill; pop. about 6,200. It is especially noted as the birthplace of St. Francis, the founder of the order of Franciscans, and contains 12 monasteries of that order. Here are the church and monastery in which St. Francis is buried, and about 2 m. from the town is the celebrated Portiuncula or church where Francis began the preaching of his ascetic life. As-sisi was once a Roman municipium of some importance, having a temple of Minerva, of which several Corinthian columns still stand. The region around abounds in mineral waters.
Assumpsit (Lat., he undertook), in law, the compendious title under which an extensive class of actions are included. After stating the cause of action, the pleadings state that thereupon "the defendant promised to pay." Assumpsit may be either special or common, also called indebitatus assumpsit. Under the former are included actions upon written contracts or agreements of all kinds; actions for derelictions of duty by professional men, carriers, or warehousemen; in short, under every circumstance where a contract is in actual existence or can be predicated from the relations of the parties. Common assumpsit is an action brought for goods sold and delivered, money lent, etc. Theoretically all actions of assumpsit are brought to recover compensation in the nature of damages; but, where those damages can be immediately ascertained by the acts of the parties, as for goods sold and delivered, where a price has been agreed upon, then it is common assumpsit.
Assurance. See Insurance.
Asswan, Or Assuan (Anc. Syene; in the Hebrew Scriptures, Seveneh), a town on the southern border of Egypt, on the right bank of the Nile, opposite the island of Elephantine, in lat. 24° 5' N., a little below the 10th cataract, where the river is first navigable; pop. about 4,000. The tropic of Cancer was anciently but erroneously drawn here. The surrounding country is sandy and desolate, and, with the exception of a few palm groves, is almost destitute of vegetation. The inhabitants are Egyptians, Nubians, and the descendants of Bosnian troops garrisoned there by Sultan Selim I., the conqueror of Egypt, in 1517. Asswan has considerable commerce in dates, senna, wicker baskets, ivory, ostrich feathers, tamarinds, coffee, and slaves. On the S. side are the ruins of an ancient Saracen town, where during the middle ages 20,000 persons died by one visitation of the plague.
Astarte. See Ashtoreth.
Asterabad. See Asteabad.
Asterias. See Star Fish.
Asti (anc. Asia Pompeia), a city of N. Italy, in the province of Alessandria, 36 m. by rail E. S. E. of Turin; pop. in 1872, 31,033. ' In the middle ages it was the capital of the republic of Asti, which maintained its independence from 1098 to 1155, in which latter year the city was burned by Frederick Barbarossa. Old walls surround it, and it contains several celebrated buildings. Near the city is made the wine which bears its name. Asti is the birthplace of Alfieri.