Atiiellig. See Anglo-Saxons.

Atitlan, Or Atitan

Atitlan, Or Atitan, a lake of Central America, about 20 m. in length and 8 to 10 m. in breadth, situated in the department of Solola, Guatemala. It appears, from, the geological formations about it, to lie in the crater of an ancient volcano, and it is of extraordinary depth, no soundings, it is said, being obtainable with a line of 1,800 ft. Although several small streams flow into it, no outlet has been discovered. The scenery in its neighborhood is remarkably picturesque; high cliffs surround it, with but little vegetation. On the southern bank of the lake is a small Indian town of the same name, having barely 2,000 inhabitants.


Atlantis, according to the tradition of the Greek .geographers (in which some recognize a vague knowledge of America), a large island in the Atlantic ocean, to the west of the N. W. coast of Africa and the pillars of Hercules. It was fabled to possess a numerous population, begotten by Neptune of mortal women. The sea kings of Atlantis were said to have invaded the west of Europe and of Africa, and to have been defeated by the Athenians and their allies. The inhabitants finally became desperately wicked, and the island was swept away by a deluge. Plato mentions the island in his Timaaus. On the old Venetian maps, Atlantis is put to the west of the Azores and Canaries.


Atlantic, a S. S. E. county of New Jersey; area, 620 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,093. The Atlantic ocean borders it on the S. E., where it is indented by Great Egg harbor, Absecum and several other bays, studded with islands and planted with oysters. It is intersected by Great Egg Harbor river. The surface is low and flat; it is marshy near the coast, and the soil further inland is light and sandy. In 1870 the county produced 7,198 bushels of wheat, 47,488 of Indian corn, 31,702 of Irish and 18,514 of sweet potatoes, 4,675 tons of hay, and 5,020 gallons of wine. Capital, May's Landing.

Atnahs, Or Atenas

Atnahs, Or Atenas, an Indian tribe of British America, called also Shoushwap or Chin Indians. They are a Selish tribe on Frazer and Salmon rivers, an energetic, industrious people, manufacturing blankets of good quality from the wool of a native goat or sheep. - Another tribe called Atnas is mentioned in the early accounts of the northwest as living on Copper river, Alaska, and seems to be now included in the Koloshians.


Atoll, the Malay name of a peculiar form of coralline island common in Polvnesia and the Indian ocean, which consists of a circular reef, seldom more than a few hundred yards wide, enclosing a sheet of water connected with the ocean by an open passage. These lagoons are sometimes 30 m. in diameter and from 100 to 400 feet deep, and afford safe harbors, the opening never being on the windward side. The reefs generally support vegetation, and are sometimes inhabited.