Atrebates, Or Atrebatii, a people of Belgic Gaul, whose name appears in the modern Artois. They joined a confederation against Csesar, and furnished a contingent of 15,000 troops. A colony of them settled in Britain, in the modern Berkshire and Wiltshire.
Atreus, a legendary hero of Greece, son of Pelops and Ilippodamia. On the death of his son Plisthenes, Atreus married his widow Aerope, who was or became the mother of Agamemnon and Menelaus, commonly known as the Atridae. She was seduced by Thy-estes, the brother of Atreus, and the latter slew the twin offspring of this adultery and served them at a banquet to the seducer. Atreus afterward married his brother's daughter Pelopia, who was already pregnant with AEgisthus by her own father. The child was exposed, but miraculously preserved, and the mother committed suicide. The crimes and misfortunes of the family, springing from the murder of Mercury's son Myrtilus by Pelops, afforded endless themes for the classic poets.
Atrium. I In Roman architecture, the central room of the house, also called cavum cedium. In this room the family lived and ate, and here stood the lares and penates. The room was uncovered in the centre, toward which the roof sloped, to throw the rain water into a cistern in the floor, around which stood the household deities. II. The forecourt of a temple. The atrium of the temple of Liberty is most frequently mentioned. III. In ecclesiastical architecture, an open space before a church, making part of the narthex, or ante-temple. Penitents and others stood in the atrium to solicit the prayers of the pious.
Atropatene. See Azeebijan.
Atropos, one of the Fates (Moera, Lat. Par-cm) of Greek mythology, who cut the thread of life. She is represented with a pair of scales, or a sun dial, or a cutting instrument.
Attakapas, a large and fertile section of southwestern Louisiana, including several parishes. Though often mentioned in commercial reports, it is not the legal appellation of any subdivision of the state. Great quantities of sugar and molasses are produced in the district and shipped at Franklin, St. Mary's parish.
Attakapas, an Indian tribe of southern Louisiana, who have left that name to a district of the state. Their real name is not known; they were called Attakapas or Men-Eaters by the Choctaws. They were first made known to the French by the adventures of Belleisle, who was left on shore by a ship, and was long in their hands. They aided the French against the Natchez and Chickasaws. In 1803 there were about 100 dispersed through the Attakapas district, chiefly on Bayou Vermilion; but in less than 20 years after that they ceased to be enumerated at all. Their language was peculiar, abounding in harsh monosyllables.
Attala, a central county of Mississippi, bounded W. by Big Black river; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,776, of whom 5,948 were colored. Its surface is undulating, and the soil in some parts fertile. In 1870 the county produced 9,544 bushels of wheat, 337,402 of Indian corn, 35,150 of sweet potatoes, and 8,912 bales of cotton. Capital, Kosciusko.