Attar or Otto of Roses, a delicious perfume extracted from the petals of the rose. It is a volatile oil, of soft consistency, nearly colorless, and deposits a crystallizable substance partially soluble in alcohol. The best is prepared at Ghazipoor in Hindostan; but it is apt to be much adulterated with sandalwood and other oils. It is obtained from rose water by setting it out during the night in large open vessels, and early in the morning skimming off the essential oil, which floats at the top. It is estimated that 200,000 well grown roses are required to produce half an ounce of the oil; and the value of this when it is manufactured is about $40. If warranted genuine at the English warehouses, it sells for about $50, or $100 per ounce.

Attikamegues, Or Whitefish Indians

Attikamegues, Or Whitefish Indians, an Algonquin tribe residing inland back of Three Rivers, Canada, closely allied in language to the Kilistenons or Crees. They were noted for their singular care and veneration for the dead. War and disease swept them away about 1658. Father Jacques Buteux, the great missionary of the tribe, was killed among them in May, 1652.


Attiwandaronk, a tribe of Indians of the same family as the Hurons and Iroquois, living in early times on both banks of the Niagara river, but chiefly on the Canada side. They were called Atirhagenratha by the Iroquois, and by the French the Neutral Nation, as they at first took no part in the war between the Iroquois on one side and the Hurons, Tio-nontatez, Algonquins, and Montagnais on the other. They were however at war with the Mascoutins beyond Lake Michigan. Their territory was an area of about 150 sq. m. They were first visited by the Recollect father Dail-lon in 1627, and by Brebeuf and Chaumonot in 1642; but no missions or posts were established. On the fall of the Hurons they were attacked by the Iroquois (1651-'3), and after severe losses a part submitted and joined the Senecas; the rest fled west and joined the remnant of the Hurons on Lake Superior.


Attleboroigh, a township of Bristol county, Mass., 31 m. S. S. E. of Boston, and 11m. N. N. E. of Providence, R. I.; pop. in 1871, 6,769. It has very extensive manufactures of jewelry, printed calicoes, metal buttons, and clocks, for which there is abundant water power in Mill river.

Attock, Or Atak

Attock, Or Atak, a fortified town of India, in the Punjaub, on the Indus, nearly opposite the mouth'of the Cabool, in lat. 33° 54'N., lon. 72° 20' E., 40 m. E. S. E. of Peshawer;

Attock Or Atak 020057

pop. about 2,000. The Indus is here about 800 feet wide, and from 30 to 70 feet deep according to the season, with high banks and a rapid current. The fort was built by Akbar to command the passage, this being the route by which invasions from the northwest have generally entered India. Runjeet Singh took it from the Afghans by treachery, and it came into the possession of the British by the conquest of Sinde. The town has gone to decay.