Auerstadt, a village of Thuringia, in the Prussian province of Saxony, 10 m. W. of Naumburg, famous for Davoust's great victory over the Prussian army under the duke of Brunswick on the same day on which Napoleon defeated the main army of Frederick William III. at Jena, Oct. 14, 1806. Davoust, with 35,000 men, beat 50,000, and Napoleon made him duke of Auerstadt. (See Jena).

Augeas, Or Angias

Augeas, Or Angias, a mythical king of Elis, the cleansing of whose stables was one of the 12 labors of Hercules. (See Hercules.) When the hero demanded the stipulated reward, Au-geas refused to give it to him; whereupon Hercules slew him and all his sons save Phyleus, whom he made king in the room of his father.


Auger. See Boring.


Augite, a mineral species synonymous with pyroxene; also used by Prof. Dana to designate a section or group of species of the class of anhy-Irous silicates. (See Pyroxene).


Auglaize, a W. county of Ohio; area, 399 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,041. The Miami canal and the Dayton and Michigan railroad pass through the county. Near the western boundary is a reservoir 9 m. long, formed to supply the canal, and occupying the most elevated site between the channel of the Ohio river and Lake Erie. It is drained in part by Auglaize river, a tributary of the Maumee at Defiance. The surface is nearly level, well wooded, and the soil is good. In 1870 the county produced 269,7.56 bushels of wheat, 13,046 of rye, 245,-277 of oats, 34,584 of barley, 379,015 of Indian corn, 14,694 tons of hay, 76,650 lbs. of wool, and 246,085 of butter. There were 29,678 sheep and 19,809 hops. Capital, Wapakoneta.

Augnst Emil Brain

Augnst Emil Brain, a German archaeologist,' born at Gotha, April 19, 1809, died in Rome, Sept. 12, 1856. For more than 23 years he was secretary of the archceological institute at Rome. His last productions were: Die Griechische Gotterlehre (Gotha, 1850-'54); Die Vorschule der Kunst-Mythologie (Gotha, 1854, with 100 plates; English translation by Grant, Gotha, 1856); and his guide book entitled Die Ruinen und Museen Roms (Brunswick, 1854; translated into English in 1855).

Augnste Borget

Augnste Borget, a French painter, born at Issoudun, Aug. 30, 1808. He studied under eminent masters, and in 1836 produced his first work, the "Banks of the Tiber." He made a journey round the world, and published illustrated albums of his travels, including La Chine et les Chinois (1842), and Fragments d'un voyage autour du monde (1845-6). He also executed over 200 designs for La Chine ouverte, by Old-Nick (1845), and contributed to illustrated journals. He has painted many genre pictures and landscapes on Chinese, Hindoo, and other foreign subjects.

August Bielowsri

August Bielowsri, a Polish writer, born at Krechowiec in Galicia in 1806. He studied at Lemberg, devoting himself especially to literature and history. After completing his student's course he pursued his literary studies in the same town, and after a time was made librarian of the Ossolinski library there. He published in 1830 a volume of poems and translations of Servian songs under the title Haliczanin. His other principal works are Wyprawa Igor a na Polowcow ("Igor's Expedition against the Polovtzi," Lemberg, 1833), and Wystep krytyczny do dziejow Polslci ("Critical Introduction to the History of Poland," 1850). He is also the author of a Polish translation of Goethe's Faust, and of numerous articles in Polish periodicals.