August Kiss, a German sculptor, born near Pless, Prussian Silesia, Oct. 11, 1802, died March 24, 1865. He received his early education in Gleiwitz, and at the age of 20 became a pupil of Rauch at the academy of Berlin. His earliest productions were bass-reliefs for churches and other public buildings, groups of nymphs and tritons for fountains or gardens, and the ordinary classical subjects, executed partly from Rauch's designs and partly from his own. The "Amazon and the Tiger," finished in 1839, first brought him into notice. His colossal group of "St. George and the Dragon," exhibited in the French exposition of 1855, was severely criticised. Among his other works are a statue of Frederick the Great at Breslau, two of Frederick William III., " St. Michael overthrowing the Dragon," and a colossal tiger's head in bronze killing a serpent.
August Kopisch, a German poet and painter, born in Breslau, May 26, 1799, died in Berlin, Feb. 3, 1853. While in Italy, in his early life, he was one of the discoverers of the blue grotto in the island of Capri. Among his most popular poems are the " Song of Noah " and other witty and humorous pieces. He also translated Dante. His Gesammelte Werke, edited by K. Bottieher, appeared in Berlin in 1856, in 5 vols.
August Platen, count, a German poet, born in Anspach, Oct. 24, 1796, died in Syracuse, Sicily, Dec. 5,1835. He served against France in the Bavarian army, and subsequently acquired celebrity as a poet, especially by his Polenlieder and by his dramas Die verhang-nissvolle Gabel and Der romantische Oedipus. His complete works have been published in 5 vols. (Stuttgart, 1847 and 1853), and his Poe-tischer und literarischer Nachlass, edited by Minckwitz, in 2 vols. (1852).
August Schleicher, a German philologist, born in Meiningen, Feb. 19, 1821, died in Jena, Dec. 6, 1868. He studied theology and comparative philology at Leipsic and Tubingen, and graduated at Bonn as doctor of philosophy in 1846. In 1850 he became professor at Prague, and in 1857 at Jena. He ranked next to Bopp in comparative philology, and was distinguished in the Indo-Germanic and particularly in the Slavo-Lettic group of languages. His works include Zur vergleichenden Spra-chengeschichte (2 vols., Bonn, 1848-'50, vol. ii. entitled Die Sprachen Europa's); Formenlehre der kirchenslavischen Sprache (1853); Hand-buch der litauischen Sprache (2 vols., Prague, 1856- 67); and Compendium der vergleichen-den Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen (Weimar, 1862; 3d ed., 1871; English translation by H. Bendall, part i., "Phonology," London, 1874).
August Wilhelm, prince of Prussia, brother of Frederick the Great, and general of the Prussian army, born in Berlin in 1722, died in 1758. He took an active part in the Silesian campaigns, and distinguished himself at the battle of Hohenfriedberg (June, 1745); but in the seven years' war, owing to the fatal retreat of Zittau in 1756, he incurred the displeasure of his brother, and withdrew from the army. This conflict between the two brothers led to a correspondence, which was published in 1769.