Azariah (Heb. 'Azaryah, or Azaryahu, helped of Jehovah), a very common name among the Hebrews. Uzziah, king of Judah, is also called Azariah. It was the Hebrew name of the friend of Daniel whose Chaldee name was Abednego. Apart from these, the most prominent persons bearing the name are a prophet who met Asa after his victory over Terah, king of Ethiopia, and exhorted him to put away idolatrous worship; and a high priest who aided Hezekiah in reforming the temple worship. - In its Greek form, Azarias, several persons of this name are mentioned in the apocryphal books, one of them being one of the generals of Judas Maccabaeus, who suffered defeat by Gorgias.
Azel Stevens Roe, an American novelist, born in the city of New York in 1798. After serving as clerk in a mercantile house in New York, he engaged in business as a wine merchant, and finally retired and settled at Windsor, Conn., where he has since resided. His works include "James Montjoy, or I've been Thinking" (New York, 1850); "To Love and to be Loved" (1852); "Time and Tide, or Strive and Win" (1852); "A Long Look Ahead" (1855); "The Star and the Cloud " (1856); "True to the Last" (1859); " How Could He Help it?" (1860); "Looking Around" (1865); "Woman our Angel" (1866); "Cloud in the Heart" (1869); and "Resolution, or the Soul of Power" (1871).
Azincourt. See Agincourt.
Azkar Tuarik. See Tuariks.
Azof. See Azov.
Azoic Age, the period in the earth's history preceding the appearance of vegetable and animal life. A few years ago life was net known to have existed below the lower Silurian rocks, in the Cambrian of England, or in the Taconic (Laurentian and Huronian) of this country. If, however, eozoon be admitted as an animal form, the first appearance of life is carried back in time very much; and now American geologists are disposed to admit an eozoic age between the Silurian and azoic.
Azote. See Niteogen.
Azov, Or Azof, a town and fortress of Russia, in the government of Yekaterinoslav, on the river Don, about 7 m. from its entrance into the sea of Azov, 24 m. S. E. of Taganrog; pop. about 6,000. Built in a remote time near the ancient Greek colony named Tanais, it carried on an extensive commerce with the northern peoples; but the silt deposited by the river has blocked up the port, and its commerce has been transferred to Taganrog. In the 13th century Azov was taken by the Genoese, who called it Tana; they were driven out in 1392 by Tamerlane. In 1471 it was taken by the Turks, who gave it its present name. In 1696 it was captured by Peter the Great. During the next century it changed hands several times between the Russians and the Turks; but in 1774 it finally fell into the hands of the Russians. It was bombarded and almost destroyed by the allies in 1855.
Bab-El-Mandeb (Arabic, "the gate of mourning," referring to the dangerous navigation), a strait uniting the Indian ocean (gulf of Aden) with the Red sea, separating Asia from Africa, and situated between the shores of Samhara and Arabia. The distance across, from the projecting cape Bab-el-Mandeb (anc. Palindromics) on the Arabian shore to the opposite coast of Africa, is about 18 m., the island of Perim and other smaller islands lying in the intermediate space, and dividing the strait into a western channel with a depth of 180 fathoms and an eastern one from 7 to 14 fathoms deep. The latter is most practicable for navigation. Perim, commanding the straits, has been in British possession since 1857; a fort has been built at Straits point, and a revolving light was erected in 1861.