Bagmdas. See Mejerda.


Bagneres, the name of two bathing towns of S. W. France, in the Pyrenees, both known to the Romans, though under what names is uncertain. I. Bagneres-dc-Bigorre, in the department of Halites-Pyrenees, capital of an arrondissement, on the left bank of the Adour, at the entrance of the valley of Campan, 13 m. S. of Tarbes; pop. in 1866, 9,433. Its warm and hot mineral springs, more than 40 in number, attract numerous invalids and pleasure-seekers. It has manufactories of bareges. II. Bagiiercs-dc-Lut'liau, in the department of Haute-Garonne, 18 m. S. E. of the preceding; pop. in 1866, 3,921. It lies at the foot of the Pyrenees, in the beautiful valley of Luchon, about 5 m. from the Spanish frontier. It has hot and cold mineral springs, and is surrounded by fine scenery. In the neighborhood are copper mines and slate quarries.


Bagnoles, a hamlet of France, in the department of Orne, in a valley 13 m. S. S. E. of Domfront. This village, celebrated for its baths and mineral springs, was built in the 17th century, but has been in later times much improved and adorned with fine buildings and promenades.


Bagoas, a eunuch in the service of Artax-erxes Ochus of Persia, who, though a native of Egypt, aided the king in the reconquest of that country. He was, however, so much displeased by the sacrilege of the king to the sacred animals and other objects of worship in Egypt that, after his return to Persia, he poisoned him, and raised Arses, his youngest son, to the throne, having murdered all the others. Soon becoming otfended with the new king also, he destroyed him and made Darius Oo-domannus king- (336 B. C). He afterward attempted to poison Darius, but was detected and poisoned himself. He is supposed to be identical with the Bagoses mentioned by Jo-seplms, who led the troops of Artaxerxes Ochus to Judea, seized the temple, and compelled every Jew to pay a tribute of 50 shekels for each lamb sacrificed.


Bahawalpoor. See Bhawlpore.

Bailey, Or Baily, Nathan

Bailey, Or Baily, Nathan, an English lexicographer, a schoolmaster at Stepney, near London, died in 1742. His most important publication was an " Etymological English Dictionary " (2 vols. 8vo, London, 1720; 2d ed., 1737; best ed., by J. Nicol Scott, folio, 1764), which furnished the basis of Dr. Johnson's famous work. He was the author also of a Dictiona-rium Domesticum, and of several school books.


Bailleul, a town of France, department of Nord, near the Belgian frontier; pop. in 1866, 5,970. Its manufactures embrace lace, thread, linen, perfumes, beet sugar, snuff, crockery, and pottery. Bailieul cheese is noted for its excellence.


Bailliage (territory of a bailiff), a French term equivalent to bailiwick in English. In Switzerland the term was applied to districts into which the aristocratical cantons were divided, and over which bailiffs were appointed by the governed, and also to those territories which were subject to two or more of the cantons and governed by bailiffs appointed by and responsible to such cantons. These Swiss bailliages anciently formed part of the Milanese. Their names were Mendrisio, Balerna, Locarno, Lugano, Val Maggia, Bellinzona, Riviera, and Val Brenna. Most of these were ceded to the Swiss cantons in 1512 by Maximilian Sforza, in gratitude for Swiss aid in recovering the duchy of Milan from the troops of the French king, Louis XII. In 1802 the canton of Tessin was formed by Bonaparte out of the Italian bailiwicks, which arrangement was confirmed by the European sovereigns after his abdication in 1814, and also by the Helvetic diet.