Balaruc, a French watering place, in the department of Herault, 15 m. S. W. of Montpellier; pop. 600. The springs were known to the Romans, who formed aqueducts and built a temple here. They have a temperature of about 129° F. in summer and 115° in winter, and are recommended for paralysis. A public hospital gives gratuitous relief to the destitute and to soldiers.


Balasore, a city in the presidency of Bengal and province of Orissa, India, the principal seaport of Cuttack, 120 in. S. W. of Calcutta; pop. about 11,000. It formerly had factories of almost all European nations, but has much declined, the principal trade being limited to imports of the products of the cocoanut and of coir, cowries, tortoise shell, and salted fish from the Maldive islands, in exchange for rice, sugar, and English manufactured goods and hardware. It is provided with dry docks for the accommodation of small vessels at spring tides. Denmark ceded the town to England in 1844.


Balassa-Gyarmath, a town of Hungary, capital of the county of Nograd, situated in a delightful region on the Eipel, 42 m. N. of Pesth; pop. in 1870, 6,435. It has an old mountain castle, and carries on considerable trade in oil and wine. In 1626 a peace was concluded here between Austria and Turkey.

Baldassare Da Siena Peruzzi

Baldassare Da Siena Peruzzi, an Italian architect, born at Ancajaro, near Siena, in 1481, died in Rome in 1536. The early part of his life was devoted to painting. Subsequently he studied architecture, and is considered the inventor of the architectural perspective painting, afterward perfected by Del Pozzo. One of the best of his works was the Farnesina palace, which was adorned with paintings by Se-bastiano del Piombo and Raphael, and with his own fresco of the " History of Medusa." In 1520 he succeeded Raphael as the architect of St. Peter's; but on the sacking of Rome in 1527 he was stripped of his property, and barely escaped to Siena. Returning to Rome, he began the erection of the palazzo Massimi, but did not live to complete it. He died poor, poisoned, it is thought, by a rival architect, and was buried in the Pantheon near Raphael.

Balduin Mollhausen

Balduin Mollhausen, a German traveller, born in Bonn, Jan. 27, 1825. He came to the United States, in 1851 visited the Rocky mountains with Duke Paul of Wfirtemberg, returned to Europe in 1852, and in 1853 was photographer and draughtsman to Lieut. Whipple's expedition to the Pacific. In 1857-8 he was engaged in Colorado, with Lieut. Ives. Besides several novels, he has published Tage-buch einer Reise vom Mississippi nach der Sad-see (Leipsic, 1858; English translation by Mrs. Sinnett, 2 vols., London, 1858; 2d ed., entitled Wanderungen durcli die Prairien und Wilsten des westlichen Nordamerika, 1860); Reisen in die Felsengebirge Nordamerihas bis sum Hoch-plateau von Neumexiko (2 vols., 1861); Nord und Sud, Erzdhlungen und Sell ilderungen avs dem westlichen Nordamcrika (2 vols., Jena, 1867).