Balta (formerly Jozefogrod), a town of Russia, capital of a circle of the same name, in the government of Podolia, on the Kodyma, a tributary of the southern Bug, 160 m. S. E. of Kame-netz; pop. in 1807, 14,528. Its suburb on the S. side of the river, now in the government of Kherson, formerly belonged to Turkey, while the chief part of the town was in Poland. It has three Greek churches, a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue, two schools, and factories of candles, soap, and tallow. It carries on a brisk trade, principally in manufactured articles, horned cattle, horses, hides, wool, and cereals. Two fairs are annually held here. In 1780 the greater part of the place was destroyed by the Russians.
Balta Liman (anc. Phidalia, or Portus Ma-lierum), a bay and port on the European side of the Bosporus, in lat. 41° 10' N. and lon. 29° 8' E., between Rumili Hissar and Therapia. It was formerly a place of rendezvous for the Turkish fleets. A convention was concluded here May 1, 1849, between Russia and Turkey, in which it was stipulated that Russia should have for seven years an equal right with Turkey to interfere in the affairs of the Danubian principalities, and keep there 10,000 men as an army of occupation.
Baltaccmm. I. Saverio, an Italian poet, born at Barletta, April 27, 1800. He was for some time a journalist, and has published La giojetta, Claudio Vannini (Naples, 1836), Ugone di Cortona (1838), and other poetry, and made translations from Byron and Shelley. In 1848 he was one of the chief editors of a scientific and literary periodical and of a political journal, and afterward he was for a time prominent in politics at Naples, and president of the committee of public instruction. II. Miehelc, an Italian historian and novelist, brother of the preceding, born in Naples, Feb. 11, 1803. His Novelette morali (1829) and Istoria di Masaniello (1831) have passed through many editions. He is also the author of a historical romance and of disquisitions on the life and writings of Campanella (1840-'43), and on the philosophy of Kant (1854).
Balthasar Denner, a German portrait painter, born in Hamburg in 1685, died there, April 14, 1747. He was employed by Frederick the Great and other German princes, and was invited by George I. to England, where he met with little encouragement. His chief merit consists in the mechanical finish of his pictures, some of which require to be examined with a magnifying glass in order that the labors of the artist may be appreciated. In his head of an old woman in the gallery of Vienna the down on the cheeks and the pores of the skin are represented with scrupulous exactness. This picture was purchased by the emperor Charles VI. for 4,700 imperial florins, and the artist was commissioned to furnish a companion piece of an old man, which is not less carefully finished. His pictures were in great request in his day and brought very high prices.