Banda Oriental. See Uruguay.
Bandera, a S. W. county of Texas, watered by the Rio Medina; area, 938 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 649, of whom 18 were colored. Stock raising is the principal industry. Sheep and cattle are easily raised, and hogs thrive on the mast, which is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 15,673 bushels of Indian corn, 5,580 lbs. of wool, and 9,095 of butter. There were 281 horses, 898 milch cows, 5,103 other cattle, 3,208 sheep, and 856 swine. Capital, Bandera City.
Bandon. I. A river in the county Cork, Ireland, rises in the Carberry mountains, near Dun-manway, and after an E., N. E., and S. E. course of 40 m. enters the Atlantic, forming Kinsale harbor. It is navigable for vessels of 200 tons to Innishannon, 10 m. inland. II. Or Bandon-bridgc, a town of Ireland, county Cork, situated on both sides of the Bandon, 15 m. S. W. of Cork; pop. in 1871, 0,074. It is well built of stone, has several schools, and was once a prosperous manufacturing town.
Bandtke, or Bandtkic. I. Jerzy Samuel, a Polish historian, born in Lublin, Nov. 24, 1768, died in Cracow, June 11, 1835. He was educated in Germany, was a private tutor in St. Petersburg, teacher and rector at Breslau, and librarian and professor in the university of Cracow. He wrote a Polish-German dictionary and grammar, a history of printing in Cracow and in Poland, and other works, the principal of which is his Bzieje narodu polskiego ("History of the Polish Nation," 3d ed., 2 vols., Breslau, 1835). II. Jan Wincenty, brother of the preceding, born in Lublin in 1783, died in Warsaw in 1851. He was for over 20 years professor of jurisprudence at the university of Warsaw, and published editions of the Jus Cul-mense (Warsaw, 1814), and the Jus Polonicum (Breslau, 1831), and a history of Polish law (History a prawa polskiego, Warsaw, 1850).
Banff, Or Bamal, a parliamentary borough, seaport, and the chief town of Banffshire, Scotland, on the left bank of the Deveron (crossed by a fine stone bridge of seven arches), near the entrance of that river into the Moray frith, 117 m. N. of Edinburgh, and 38 m. N. W. of Aberdeen; pop. in 1871, 7,439. It is a fine town, and has been a royal burgh since the end of the 14th century; thread, linen, hosiery, soap, and leather are manufactured. Herring, cod, and salmon fisheries are active, the salmon being sent to London, packed in ice. Corn and cattle are likewise exported. There are about 100 registered vessels.
Banffshire, Or Banff, a county in the N. of Scotland, bordering on Moray frith; area, 686 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 62,010. The surface, more than half of which is uncultivated, is mountainous except near the coast; Ben Mac Dhui (4,362 ft. high) and Cairngorm (4,060 ft.) lie partly within the county. The rivers Avon and Spey form portions of the western boundary, and the Deveron part of the eastern. The lowlands are fertile; cattle-breeding is the principal industry. Many of the inhabitants are engaged in fishing, weaving, bleaching, flax-dressing, tanning, and distilling. Cairns or tumuli are found in the county.