Bastion. See Fortification.
Bastrop, a S. central county of Texas, intersected by the Colorado river; area, 1,001 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,290, of whom 5,233 were colored. It is watered by numerous small affluents of the Colorado, which is navigable for steamboats during six months in the year. The soil is generally fertile and the surface moderately uneven. Lumber is abundant, and lignite is found. The chief productions in 1870 were 356,874 bushels of corn, 8,728 bales of cotton, and 6,090 lbs. of wool. There were 6,781 horses, 1,339 mules and asses, 6,895 milch cows, 37,805 other cattle, 1,957 sheep, and 19,383 swine. Capital, Bastrop.
Batanaea. See Bashan.
Batangas. I. A province in the S. W. part of Luzon, one of the Philippine islands; pop. 247,000. The greater part of its surface is level and very fertile, producing coffee, cotton, cacao, indigo, maize, nutmegs, pepper, etc. A portion of the province is mountainous. Lake Taal in its central part contains an island, in which is the crater of a volcano still active. In the midst of the crater is a small lake, whose waters contain large quantities of sulphuric acid. There are few manufactures. Cattle are raised here and sent to the market of Manila. II. A town, the capital of the preceding province, situated on a bay opening into the strait of Mindoro; pop. about 20,000. It was founded in 1581, contains a number of handsome buildings, and has a good trade with Manila.
Batatas. See Potato, and Yam.
Batavi, a tribe of the ancient Chatti, a German nation. At an unknown period they emigrated from the country of the Chatti, north of Bavaria, and settled on an island, afterward called Insula Batavorum, formed by the Rhine, the Waal (Vahalis), the Maas (Mosa), and the ocean. The Caninefates, another tribe of the Chatti, occupied a portion of the same island in Csaar's time. The Batavi, who were good horsemen, were employed as cavalry by the Romans in their campaigns on the lower Rhine and in Britain, and also as infantry. In A. D. 69 they rose in arms under their chief Claudius Civil'is against the Romans, but though successful for a time, they were ultimately reduced to submission. (See Civilis.) Although included in the Roman empire, they paid no taxes, and were considered rather as allies than subjects. They served as Roman auxiliaries as late as 850.
Bataytan Republic, the name given to Holland after its conquest by the French in 1795, and the organization of a republic, May 16, by the French faction in that country. The new republic was obliged to cede to its conquerors some of the southern portions of its territory, included in which were the cities of Maestricht and Venloo, to pay France 100,000,000 florins, and to receive French garrisons into its fortified places. The Batavian constitution was modified in 1801 and 1805, and at length the legislative body, urged by Napoleon, changed the republic into a kingdom, and offered the crown to Louis Bonaparte, who, on June 5, 1806, was proclaimed king of Holland.