Bayamo, an inland town of Cuba, in the Eastern department, capital of a district of the same name, situated in a plain on a tributary of the river Cauto, 96 m. S. E. of Puerto Principe; pop. previous to the civil war, which commenced in 1868, about 18,000. It is in the main badly built. It has a trade through the Cauto with the ports of Manzanillo on the southwest and Holguin on the northeast. The chief productions of the district are horses and horned cattle, which are largely raised.
Bayatiotlas, an Indian tribe, of Choctaw affinity, on the Mississippi, who with the Mon-goulachas were also known by the name of Quinipissas. They are noticed by early writers for their strange temple in which divine honors were paid to the opossum. They were friendly to the French, and the missionary Limoges labored among them, but without fruit, as they seem to have been cruel and treacherous. Tonti in 1685, looking for La Salle, left a letter for him at the village of this tribe, where Iberville found it in 1699. Before the Natchez war they had merged in other tribes.
Bayeux (anc. Bajocai, or Civitas Bajocas-sium), a town of Normandy, France, in the department of Calvados, on the river Aure, 5 m. from the sea, and 15 m. N. W. of Caen; pop. in 1866, 9,138. It has a commercial college, a public library, a Gothic cathedral, extensive manufactories of lace, damasks, calico, serges, cotton yarn, a large porcelain factory, paper mills, many tanneries, and dyeing and printing establishments, and an important trade in but-ter. During the wars between the dukes of Normandy and the kings of England with the kings of France, it often changed masters. It was captured by Henry I. in 1106, by Philip of Navarre in 1356, and finally retaken from the English by Dunois in 1450. During the religious wars it was alternately in the possession of the Huguenots and the league.
Baylen, Or Bailen, a town of Spain, in the province of Jaen, situated at the foot of the Sierra Morena, 22 m. N. of Jaen; pop. about 7,900. It commands the road from Castile into Andalusia. In the peninsular war the French general Dupont, while attempting to cross the Sierra at this point, was surrounded by the Spaniards and surrendered to Castafios, July 20,1808, with about 18,000 troops.
Baylor, an unsettled N. W. county of Texas, watered by the Big Wichita, the main or Salt fork of the Brazos river, and Antelope creek; area, 900 sq. m. The surface is mostly high, broken, and rocky; between the Brazos and Big Wichita it is mountainous. The bottom lands of the Brazos are rich.
Bayou Sara, a village of West Feliciana parish, La., situated on the Mississippi river, 165 m. above New Orleans; pop. in 1870, 440. It is an important shipping point for corn and cotton. A railroad connects it with Woodville, Mississippi.