Bazeilles, a village of France, in the department of Ardennes, at the confluence of the Chiers and the Givonne, half a mile from the Meuse, and 2 m. S. of Sedan; pop. in I860, 2,048. It had cloth manufactories and iron works. At the beginning of the battle of Se-dan (Sept. 1, 1870) the village was wholly destroyed by the Bavarians, who charged the inhabitants with having tired from their houses on the wounded Germans and the physicians. In 1872 it was already in great part restored.


Bazin. I. Antoine Pierre Ernest, a French physician, born at St. Brice, Feb. 20, 1807. Like many of his ancestors, he early adopted the medical profession, and has been since 1847 physician of the hospital of St. Louis and professor of dermatology. His principal works relate to diseases of the skin and to syphilis, and a second edition of his Legons theoriques et eliniques sur la syphilis et les syphilides was published in 1867. II. Antoine Pierre Louis, a French philologist, brother of the preceding, born March 26, 1799, died in January, 1863. He was professor of Chinese, translated many works from that language, and in 1856 published Grammaire mandarine, on principes generate de la langue chinoise parlee.

Bcrnardns Nieuwentyt

Bcrnardns Nieuwentyt, a" Dutch mathematician and philosopher, born at Westgraafdyk, North Holland, Aug. 10, 1654, died at Purme-rend, May 80,1718. He studied law, medicine, logic, philosophy, and mathematics, and, settling in the town of Purmerend, became famous as an orator, physician, and magistrate. His mathematical works enjoyed an ephemeral popularity in consequence of their attacks on the infinitesimal calculus. His most important production is his treatise on " The Right Use of contemplating the Works of the Creator" (Amsterdam, 1715), from which Paley is supposed to have borrowed the substance of his essay on " Natural Theology." It was translated into English by John Chamberlayne, under the title of "The Religious Philosopher " (3 vols. 8vo, London, 1718-'19). .


Bdellium, a gum resin obtained from the amyrk commiphora of India and Madagascar, and the Senegal variety from the Ileudelotia Africana. Its color is brownish red. The fracture is dull and wax-like. It burns with a balsamic odor, and resembles myrrh in taste, smell, and medicinal properties. It is sometimes, but rarely, used for plasters, and is also administered internally.


Beaconsfield, a market town of Buckinghamshire, England, 23 m. W. by N. of London; pop. in 1871, 2,926. It is situated on high ground, where once there was a beacon. The remains of Edmund Burke are deposited in the parish church; and the churchyard contains a monument to the poet Waller, who owned the manor. Beaconsfield gave the title of viscountess to the wife of Benjamin Disraeli.


Beagle, a small, well proportioned hound, not more than 10 or 11 inches in height at the shoulder, with long pendulous ears, smooth hair, and color either black or dark brown with white spots, or pure white, or white with black and tan ears and eye patches. By careful breeding the animal has been reduced in size, and the smallest are known as lapdog beagles. It is distinguished for its fine scent and perseverance. Formerly it was a favorite in England for hare hunting; its small size and slow but sure movements prolonged the pleasure of the chase, and, though distanced at first, its perseverance made it sure of killing the hare at last. The chase with beagles could be followed on foot. In this sport, however, the beagle is now almost entirely superseded by the harrier.