Belle-Isle-En-Mer, an island in the bay of Biscay on the W. coast of France, a little N. W. of the mouth of the Loire, department of Morbihan, and 8 m. S. of Quiberon point; pop. about 1<),000. It is of an oblong form; length, about 11 m.; breadth, 6 m. Its surface is about 160 ft. above the sea, and treeless. The island is noted for its fine breed of draught horses. It has several druidical monuments. The chief place is Le Palais, on the N. E. coast (pop. 4,900).
Bellechasse, an E. county of the province of Quebec, Canada, bordering on the St. Lawrence opposite the island of Orleans, and separated from Maine by the S. W. branch of the St. John; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 5,520. It is traversed by several small rivers and by the Grand Trunk railway. Chief town, St. Michael.
Bellenden,. William, a Scottish writer of the early part of the 17th century, the time of whose birth and death is uncertain. He is famous for pure I.atinity, and was educated at Paris, where. he became professor of belles-lettres, and continued to reside, though he was invited to Scot-bind by James I. before the latter succeeded to the English crown. He collected in 1616 three treatises, which he had published before separately, under the title of Bellendentu de Statu. This work was republished in 1787 by Dr. Parr, who prefixed to it a long introduction. He also wrote De tribus Luminibus Romanorum, which Dr. Middleton, in his "Life of Cicero," was accused of borrowing from.
Belley (anc. Bellica), a town of Burgundy, France, in the department of Ain, 38 m. S. W. of Geneva, agreeably situated in a fertile valley near the Rhone, which is here crossed by a suspension bridge; pop. in 1866, 4,624. It was a place of note in the time of Julius Caesar. It was burned by Alaric, was possessed by the dukes of Savoy during the middle ages, and was ceded to France in 1601. The bishopric of which it is still the seat was founded in 412. Lithographic stones are obtained from neighboring quarries.
Bellona, the Roman goddess of war. She is sometimes styled the colleague, sometimes the sister, sometimes the wife of Mars. Her temple stood in the Campus Martius, near the circus of Flaminius. The priests of Bellona were called Bellonarii, and originally as often as they sacrificed to their goddess they were obliged to lacerate their arms or legs, that they might be able to offer upon her altar a portion of their own blood. The 24th of March in every year was the principal day of her worship, and that day was distinguished in the Roman Fasti by the title of dies sanguinis.
Bellows Falls, a village of Rockingham township, Windham county, Vt„ on the Connecticut river, 53 m. by rail S. S. E. of Rutland; pop. in 1870, 697. The river is here interrupted by several rapids and falls, the whole descent being about 44 feet. These are the falls concerning which Peters, in his history, relates that the water becomes so hardened by-pressure between the rocks that it is impossible to penetrate it with an iron bar. The river is crossed by a bridge, 212 feet long, built in 1812. The village contains several mills and manufactories, and is an important railway centre, being the point of junction of the Vermont Central, Rutland and Burlington, and Cheshire railroads.