Bijawur, Or Bejour, a state of Bundelcund, Hindostan, between lat. 24° 22' and 25° N. and lon. 78° 58' and 79° 50' E.; area, about 900 sq. m.; pop. about 90,000. The state maintains a small military force, and has an annual revenue of about $125,000. Capital, Bijawur, a small town 23 m. S. of Chutterpore.
Bilberry, Or Blueberry, the name of a shrub and its fruit, a species of vaccinium, or whortleberry. There are two kinds of this shrub: a taller and a dwarf variety. The fruit of the dwarf shrub in Europe, and that of the taller variety in Canada and the United States, are both called bilberry.
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus).
Biled-Il-Jerid. See Beled-ul-Jerid.
Bilfinger, Or Bulffinger, Georg Bernhard, a German philosopher, born in Cannstadt, Jan. 23, 1G93, died in Stuttgart, Feb. 18, 1750. The name of the family proceeds from the hereditary possession of a sixth finger and toe, which in his instance were removed by an operation. A disciple of Wolf and Leibnitz, he was appointed by Peter the Great professor of philosophy at St. Petersburg. He won a prize there for his improved system of fortification, and another from the French academy for his memoir Sur la cause de la pesanteur des corps. Afterward he became a professor of theology at Tubingen, and was appointed privy councillor of Wtlrtemberg, in which office he devoted himself especially to education, commerce, and agriculture. Prominent among his many works are Elementa Physices (Leipsic, 1742) and Nouveau systeme de fortification (Stuttgart, 1734).
Biliary Ducts, small ducts through which the bile flows from the liver and the gall bladder to the duodenum. The main biliary duct, which leads directly from the liver to the duodenum, gives off a branch which leads into the gall bladder, in which the gall is collected. This branch is called the cystic duct, and that part of the bile duct which leads from the liver to the junction with the cystic duct is called the hepatic duct; while the rest of the bile duct, leading from this point of junction to the duodenum, is called the ductus communis choledochus. This is about the size of a goose quill, and three inches long. It terminates in the descending portion of the duodenum, about four inches from the pyloric extremity of the stomach.
Bilin, a town of Bohemia, on the Bila, 42 m. N. W. of Prague; pop. in 1869, 3,620. It has two castles, and manufactories of magnesia, beet-root sugar, cloth, and earthen flasks. It is chiefly noted for its mineral springs (alkaline), four in number. The water is clear, has a sourish taste, and a temperature of 59°-66° F. The springs are not much resorted to, but from 80,000 to 100,000 flasks of the water are yearly sent to the other Bohemian watering places.