Bogodukhov, a fortified town of Russia, in the government and 30 m. W. N. W. of the city of Kharkov; pop. in 1867,10,069. The chief industry of the town is leather dressing and boot making. It also carries on a considerable trade in cattle and hides.


Bogomiles. See Basil, a Bulgarian physician.

Bogumil Dawison

Bogumil Dawison, (i. e. Theophilus), a Polish actor, born in Warsaw, May 15, 1818, died in Dresden, Feb. 2, 1872. His parents were poor Jews, and his attainments were due to his own exertions. He first appeared on the stage in Warsaw in 1837, and subsequently in Wilna and Lemberg. He afterward travelled in Germany, and in 1847 became connected with the Thalia theatre in Hamburg. Two years later he went to Vienna, where his great talent became manifest in his classical personations. He was soon recognized as one of the greatest actors of his age, and received an engagement for life at the royal theatre in Dresden, where he remained from 1854 to 1864, subsequently appearing on the principal stages of Europe. In 1866 he visited the United States, and played for two years in the principal cities to enthusiastic audiences. After his return to Europe he became insane, in which condition he remained till his death.

Bogumil Goltz

Bogumil Goltz, a German author, born in Warsaw, March 20, 1801, died in Thorn, Nov. 11,1870. He was of German parentage, studied at the gymnasium of Konigsberg and at the university of Breslau, and engaged in scientific agriculture. This proving unsuccessful, he devoted himself from 1830 to literary pursuits, settling at Thorn in 1847. His works include Der Mensch und die Leute (Berlin, 1858); Die Deutschen (3 vols., 1860); Feigenblatter (3 vols., 1861-'2); Zur Charakteristik und Naturge-schichte der Frauen (2d ed., 1863); Typen der Gesellschaft (3d ed., 1864); Die Bildung und die Gebildeten (2 vols., 1864); Vorlesungen (2 vols., 1869); and Lie Weltkluglieit und Le-bensweisheit mit ihren correspondirenden Stu-dien (2 vols., 1869).

Bohol, Or Bool

Bohol, Or Bool, one of the Philippine islands, situated between Cebu and Leyte, and N. of Mindanao, lat. 9° 54' N, lon. 124° 21' E., discovered by Magellan in 1521. It is 46 m. in length from E. to W. and 32 m. in breadth; area estimated at 1,354 sq. m. It is watered by several small rivers, one of which has its rise in a lake in the interior. Gold is found in the river sands. The chief vegetable products are rice, cocoanuts, and cotton. Cattle-raising and the manufacture of cocoanut oil and of silk and coarse cotton fabrics are the principal occupations of the inhabitants.


Bois-Le-Duc (Dutch, 'sHertogenbosch, the duke's wood, or Den Bosch), a fortified city of Holland, capital of North Brabant, at the junction of the Dommel and the Aa, which here form the Dieze, 27 m. S. by E. of Utrecht; pop. in 1868, 25,038. The town is 5 m. in circumference, handsome and well built, and traversed by several canals, crossed by upward of 80 bridges. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop, and has a handsome town hall, eight churches, including a fine Gothic cathedral, an orphan asylum, prison, two hospitals, a citadel, two forts, barracks for 3,000 men, an academy of painting, sculpture, and architecture, and manufactures of thread, ribbons, cutlery, and glass. Bois-le-Duc was founded by Godfrey III., duke of Brabant, in 1184, on the site of a hunting seat, whence the name. The city was taken from the Spaniards by Prince Frederick Henry of Orange, after a severe siege, in 1629, by the French under Piche-gru in 1794, and by the Prussians in 1814.