Brocade (Span, brocado, embroidered), a fabric resembling embroidered stuff, formerly much in vogue for rich dresses. It was originally made entirely of threads of gold or of silver, or of the two mixed. Ornaments of flowers and foliage were interwoven and raised above the surface of the cloth. When a cheaper material, as silk, was substituted for the metallic threads, the raised ornaments of leaves and flowers still continued to characterize the brocades. Brocades are now comparatively little in use.


Broccoli, a species of cabbage, belonging to the genus brassica, differing from the other species by its smaller seeds and the tendency of its flowers to press together into fleshy heads. It most nearly resembles the cauliflower, from which it differs by no very precise characteristics. The broccoli is best raised by sowing the seed in open beds and transplanting the plants once or twice. It may be produced either in spring, summer, or autumn, according to the time when the seed is sown. It has a woody stem, and may be propagated not only by seed, but by cuttings of its stem. To effect the latter method, let a portion of the old stem containing an eye or a bud, after being well dried in the sun, be dibbled into the soil, and not be watered till it shows signs of growing.



Brock Port

Brock Port, a village in the town of Sweden, Monroe county, N. Y., on the Erie canal and a branch of the New York Central railroad, 18 m. W. of Rochester; pop. in 1870, 2,817. It is noted for the manufacture of pumps, and contains also three manufactories of reapers and mowers, several mills, seven or eight churches, a state normal school, a national bank with $50,000 capital, and two weekly newspapers.


Brockville, a town of Ontario, Canada, in Leeds county, on the St. Lawrence, at the foot of the Thousand Islands, 125 m. S. W. of Montreal, and 10 m. S. W. of Prescott; pop. in 1871, 10,475. It occupies a pleasant situation, and is substantially built. There are manufactures of hardware, stoves, white lead, gloves, agricultural implements, and chemicals, including superphosphates of lime, a custom house, and telegraph offices. The Grand Trunk railway passes north of the town, and the Brockville and Ottawa railway connects it with Ottawa, 65 m. N. A ferry boat crosses the river to Morristown, N. Y., in summer; and passenger steamers and propellers call here daily;

Brogue, Or Brogan

Brogue, Or Brogan, originally a sort of clog or shoe made of untanned skin, and worn by the Irish and Scotch. This article of dress fell into disuse early in the 15th century, and the substitute was made of tanned leather, with thick soles, freely studded with large-headed nails, which took the name of the article they supplanted. These brogues or brogans continue to be worn in Ireland. By a natural process the peculiar manner in which the wearers of the brogue pronounced the English language became universally known as the brogue, and the application of this term is limited almost exclusively to the Irish.