Brumath, Or Brumpt

Brumath, Or Brumpt(anc. Brocomagus), a town of Germany, in Alsace, on the river Zorn, 10 m. N. of Strasburg; pop. in 1871, 5,G01. Here are a number of tumuli, supposed to be the remains of a Celtic cemetery, in which have been found a hatchet, knife, ring, and other articles of Celtic origin. Near the town is the insane asylum of Stephansfeld.


Brumeiv, a village of Switzerland, in the canton and 3 m. S. W. of Schwytz, near the mouth of the Muotta, on the lake of Lucerne; pop. in 1870,1,774. It is memorable as the spot where the deputies of the three original cantons, Schwytz, Uri, and Unterwalden, shortly after the battle of Morgarten, laid the basis of the Swiss republic, in December, 1315.


See Brindisi.

Brunner, Or Brunn, Johann Conrad

Brunner, Or Brunn, Johann Conrad, a German anatomist, born near Schaffhausen, Switzerland, Jan. 16, 1653, died at Mannheim, Oct. 2, 1727. He was professor in the university of Heidelberg, afterward physician to the elector palatine, and was ennobled under the name of Bruno von Hammerstein. He made many original researches, particularly on the pancreas and on the glandular follicles of the small intestine. Those of the duodenum, first accurately described by him, are still known under the name of Brunner's glands.

Bruno The Great

Bruno The Great, archbishop of Cologne and duke of Lorraine, son of Henry I., emperor of Germany, born in 925, died at Rheims, Oct. 11, 965. He was raised to his dignities by his brother, the emperor Otho I., whom he accompanied on his first expedition to Italy, and was equally distinguished for learning, eloquence, and charity. There are attributed to him commentaries on the Gospels and the Pentateuch, and several lives of saints.

Brunswick Green

Brunswick Green, a compound of chloride and oxide of copper and water, prepared by oxidizing metallic copper in the air, by sprinkling it with a mixture of sulphate of copper, common salt, and water. It is also generated by the corrosion of copper in sea water. Its composition, as given by Berzelius, is one equivalent of the chloride and three equivalents of the oxide of copper. An artificial bicarbonate of copper, or mountain green, is also sometimes called Brunswick green. They are both used as pigments.


Brusasorci (Domenico Ricoio), an Italian painter, born at Yerona in 1494, died in 1567. He studied at Venice, and imitated Titian so successfully as to gain the name of " the Titian of Verona." He painted principally in fresco, and chose mythological subjects. At Verona he painted his celebrated " Coronation of Charles V." and the "Procession," in which appear the portraits of the emperor, Pope Clement VII., and other distinguished personages of the time. He also painted "Phae-thon " in the ducal palace at Verona, and the " Martyrdom of St. Barbara".


Brux, a town of Bohemia, capital of a district of the same name, on the Bila, 45 m. N. W. of Prague; pop. in 1869, 6,308. The town has a gymnasium which is conducted by the Piarists, a military educational institution, and many manufactories. In 1421 a battle took place here between the Saxons and the Hussites.