Buage, a plant discovered in the Zambesi region by Dr. Livingstone. The genus is unknown, but the excellent fibre, much resembling flax, found in the stem, renders this plant of great importance, to the natives. It has not been cultivated, but grows wild in great abundance. The leaves are narrow, alternate, and of a thick texture; the flower is unknown.


Buansuah, a wild dog of northern India, generally believed to be one of the races from which the domestic dog has been derived. Like other wild canidce, it is shy, and fond of living in thick woods, whence it issues in packs to hunt its game. The voice is peculiar, intermediate between a bark and a howl, and is uttered as it runs. A pack will consist of about a dozen individuals, and they .do not hesitate to attack and worry to death even the tiger; they hunt more by the scent than by sight. When taken young the buansuah is readily tamed, and may be trained to the chase, though it has not the persistence of the domestic dog.






Bubona, in Roman mythology, the goddess who presided over cows and oxen. Small statues of this goddess were placed in the niches of stables, and her likeness was often painted over the manger.


Buccinidae (Lat. buccinum, a trumpet), a family of carnivorous gasteropod mollusks, many species of which are shaped like a trumpet, and when blown into emitting a sound like that of this instrument. The shell is either notched in front, or with the canal abruptly turned back producing a ridge on the front of the shell. The name is derived from the buc-cinum. (See Whelk.) Other characteristic genera are the harp, helmet, olive, purple, and tun shells. Many are large and handsome, and prized as parlor ornaments; they are also useful as food and in the arts.


Bucephalus (Gr.Bucephalus 0300219 ox-headed), the charger of Alexander the Great. His color was white, and he was called Bucephalus because he had a black mark resembling an ox's head on his forehead. The story is, that a Thes-salian offered the horse for sale to Philip, but as none of his attendants or courtiers could manage him, the king ordered his owner to take him away; whereon Alexander expressed his regret at losing so fine an animal. Philip replied that he would buy the horse if his son could ride him. Alexander accepted the offer, and succeeded in the attempt. The horse would never suffer any person to mount him but Alexander.


See Bokhara.


Buchu (Hottentot, bookoo), the leaves of several species of barosma, a genus of the family rutacem. B. crenata, B. crenulata, and B. serratifolia yield each a variety, distinguished respectively as short or round, medium, and long buchu. The leaves contain a highly odorous volatile oil, extractive, and resin. Buchu is used in medicine in substance, extract, infusion, and ttncture. Its active principles, especially the volatile oil, having been absorbed, are eliminated by the kidneys, which they gently stimulate. Sweating may be produced by it under favorable circumstances. It is chiefly employed in chronic affections of the urinary organs, especially of the ureters and bladder.